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Chemistry



Undergraduate Officers
L.J. Brubacher, ESC-338, ext. 3701
M.F. Tchir, C2-382, ext. 3022
G.E. Toogood, ESC-140, ext. 3314

Note:

  1. In all cases, it is the student's responsibility to determine eligibility to enter a course. It is advisable to obtain special consents in writing before registration period to avoid delays and complications.
  2. Most 300- and 400-level courses are listed as two lecture hours. An additional hour may be scheduled at the discretion of the lecturer, usually for a tutorial.
  3. Because of space and equipment limitations in laboratory courses, we must give priority to students whose programs require those courses.

CHEM100S

CHEM 001 0.0
Pre-University Chemistry
Essential preparation for first year chemistry courses. Formulae, nomenclature, stoichiometry, an introduction to thermochemistry, solution chemistry, chemical equilibria, acids, bases, oxidation-reduction reactions, kinetics and bonding.
Successful completion of this course fulfills the University admission requirements where high school chemistry is necessary. No University credit. Offered by Distance Education only.

CHEM 010 F,W 1C 0.0
General Chemistry Seminar
Required for all Chemistry students beyond Year One, this seminar brings together students from all years to receive information concerning the activities of the Chemistry Department and The Chemical Institute of Canada, and to hear invited speakers.

CHEM 026 F,W 3C,3L 0.5
Organic Chemistry 1
Structure and bonding in organic compounds. Stereochemistry. Chemistry of alkanes, haloalkanes, alcohols, alkenes, alkynes. Reaction mechanisms.
Prereq: CH E 102
Antireq: CHEM 264, 266
For students in Year Two Engineering

CHEM 036 F,S 3C 0.5
Organic Chemistry 2
Aromaticity and aromatic substitution reactions. Chemistry of carbonyl compounds. Application of spectroscopic techniques in organic chemistry.
Prereq: CHEM 026
Antireq: CHEM 265, 267
For students in Year Two Engineering

CHEM 116 W 3C 0.5
Chemical Concepts for the Applied Health Sciences
This course gives the background in chemistry necessary for understanding physiological and biochemical topics in the applied health sciences. Relevant concepts and facts are presented and illustrated by examples from the life sciences. Topics include approaches to calculations and problem-solving, general chemistry focused towards applied health sciences, and the chemistry of specific organic functional groups.
Prereq: OAC Chemistry or permission of instructor
Antireq: CHEM 120/121, 123/125
CHEM 116 cannot be counted for credit towards a BSc degree in the
Faculty of Science.

CHEM 120 F 3C,1T 0.5
Physical and Chemical Properties of Matter
The stoichiometry of compounds and chemical reactions. Properties of gases. Periodicity and chemical bonding. Energy changes in chemical systems. Electronic structure of atoms and molecules; correlation with the chemical reactivity of common elements, inorganic and organic compounds. Ionic solids and other extended arrays. Materials and processes in chemical industry.
Prereq: OAC Chemistry, Mathematics (Calculus)
Coreq: (for Science Students) CHEM 120L
Antireq: CHEM 121

CHEM 120L F 3L 0.25
Chemical Reaction Laboratory 1
Selected experiments for students taking CHEM 120 or 121.

CHEM 121 F 3C,1T 0.5
Physical and Chemical Properties of Matter
An enriched version of CHEM 120 for all students in, or planning to enter, Chemistry and Biochemistry programs.
Prereq: Same as for CHEM 120
Coreq: Same as for CHEM 120
Antireq: CHEM 120

CHEM 123 W,S 3C,1T 0.5
Chemical Reactions, Equilibria and Kinetics
Properties of liquids and solutions. Introduction to chemical equilibria. Principles of acid-base equilibria, solubility and electrochemical processes. Chemical kinetics.
Prereq: CHEM 120 or 121
Coreq: (for Science Students) CHEM 123L
Antireq: CHEM 125

CHEM 123L W,S 3L 0.25
Chemical Reaction Laboratory 2
Selected experiments for students taking CHEM 123 or 125.

CHEM 125 W,S 3C,1T 0.5
Chemical Reactions, Equilibria and Kinetics
An enriched version of CHEM 123 for all students in, or planning to enter, Chemistry or Biochemistry programs.
Prereq: Same as for CHEM 123
Coreq: Same as for CHEM 123
Antireq: CHEM 123

CHEM 129 W,S 3C,3L 0.5
Introductory Spectroscopy
The electromagnetic spectrum and the production and detection of photons in various energy ranges. Elementary descriptions of atomic and molecular spectra and their use in the locations of energy levels. The use of spectra to elucidate energy states of atoms and molecules and to determine molecular structure. Aspects of ultraviolet, visible, infrared, Raman, microwave and nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopies.
Prereq: CHEM 120 or 121
Lab alternate weeks
For students in, or planning to enter, Chemistry or Biochemistry programs.

CHEM200S

CHEM 212 F,W 3C 0.5
Structure and Bonding
Structure and symmetry of main group and transition metal compounds. Valence bond, molecular orbital and ligand field theories applied to polyatomic molecules. Descriptive chemistry of selected elements and compounds.
Prereq: CHEM 120 or 121, 129
Antireq: CHEM 218
For Honours students only

CHEM 218 F 2C,1T 0.5
Development of Chemical Bonding and Structure
Current models of bonding in Inorganic Chemistry. Prediction of stereochemistry and electronic structure. Inorganic nomenclature.
Prereq: CHEM 120 or 121
Antireq: CHEM 212

CHEM 219 W 0.5
Chemistry of Non-Transition Elements
Group trends in main group chemistry. Emphasis will be placed on correlation of structure with physical properties in various groups of compounds.
Prereq: CHEM 212 or 218
By Distance Education only

CHEM 223 F,W 3C,1T 0.5
Analytical Chemistry
Modern quantitative analytical chemistry including classical and more recent methods. Emphasis on planning and decision-making in the analytical process.
Prereq: CHEM 123 or 125, 123L, 129
Coreq: (for Science students) CHEM 223L
Antireq: CHEM 220, 221, 228
For Honours students only
Available to Honours non-major students in Winter term only.

CHEM 223L F,W 3L 0.25
Analytical Chemistry Laboratory 1
Selected experiments for students taking CHEM 223.
Prereq: CHEM 123L
Coreq: CHEM 223
For Honours students only. Priority will be given to students with programs requiring this course.

CHEM 224L F,W,S 1T,6L 0.5
Analytical Chemistry Laboratory 2
Extensive lab experience for students who have taken CHEM 223.
Prereq: CHEM 223, 223L
Antireq: CHEM 221L
For Honours students only. Priority will be given to students with programs requiring this course.

CHEM 228 S 2C,3L 0.5
Analytical Chemistry for Life Sciences
Selected topics of importance to Biology students, with related experiments.
Prereq: CHEM 123 or 125
Antireq: CHEM 220, 221, 223
For students in Honours Biology only

CHEM 233 F,S 3C 0.5
Fundamentals of Biochemistry
Chemistry of amino acids, carbohydrates, lipids and nucleic acids, with special emphasis on representative proteins and enzymes, including hemoglobin, cytochrome c and chymotrypsin.
Prereq: CHEM 264 or permission of instructor
Antireq: CHEM 237
For students in the Honours Biochemistry or the Honours Biology and Chemistry programs only

CHEM 237 F,W 3C 0.5
Introductory Biochemistry
An introduction to the chemistry of amino acids, carbohydrates, lipids and nucleic acids. Structure and properties of proteins and enzymes.
Prereq: CHEM 264 or 266
Antireq: CHEM 233

CHEM 237L F,W 3L 0.25
Introductory Biochemistry Laboratory
Selected experiments for students taking CHEM 237.

CHEM 254 F,W 3C 0.5
Chemical Thermodynamics 1
An introduction to the thermodynamics of ideal systems and the first, second and third laws of thermodynamics; the application of thermodynamic principles to the study of solutions, phase equilibria, chemical equilibria, and the properties of electrolytes.
Prereq: CHEM 123 or 125, MATH 127/128 or equivalent
Antireq: CHEM 356, PHYS 358
For Honours students only

CHEM 254L F,W 3L 0.25
Physical Chemistry Laboratory 1
Selected experiments for students in the 2A term.
For Honours students only

CHEM 256 W,S 3C 0.5
Introductory Quantum Mechanics
Historical background; the differential equation approach to quantum mechanics; treatments of "solvable" problems such as the particle- in-a-box, harmonic oscillator, rigid rotator and the hydrogen atom; introduction to approximation methods for more complicated systems.
Prereq: CHEM 123 or 125, 129
Coreq: MATH 217 or equivalent
Antireq: PHYS 234, 334, AM 373
For Honours students only

CHEM 263 W,S 0.5
Introductory Organic Chemistry
Bonding in carbon compounds. Structures, properties and nomenclature of several important classes of organic compounds. Interconversions of functional groups. Mechanisms of organic reactions.
Prereq: OAC Chemistry or equivalent
CHEM 120 strongly recommended
Offered by Distance Education only.
Not for students intending to major in Chemistry or Biochemistry.

CHEM 264 F,W 3C 0.5
Organic Chemistry 1
Structure and bonding in organic compounds. Stereochemistry. Chemistry of alkanes, haloalkanes, alcohols, alkenes, alkynes. Reaction mechanisms.
Prereq: CHEM 123 or 125
Antireq: CHEM 026, 266
For Honours students only

CHEM 265 F,W,S 2C,1T 0.5
Organic Chemistry 2
Aromaticity and aromatic substitution reactions. Chemistry of carbonyl compounds. Application of spectroscopic techniques in organic chemistry.
Prereq: CHEM 129, 264
Antireq: CHEM 036, 267
For Honours students only

CHEM 265L F,W,S 3L 0.25
Organic Chemistry Laboratory 1
Selected experiments for students taking CHEM 265.
For Honours students only

CHEM 266 F,W 3C 0.5
Basic Organic Chemistry 1
Discussions of the structure, nomenclature and reactions of important classes of organic compounds. Stereochemistry and its role in reaction mechanisms. A detailed look at carboxylic acids and their derivatives.
Prereq: CHEM 120/123 or equivalent
Antireq: CHEM 026, 264

CHEM 266L F,W 3L 0.25
Organic Chemistry Laboratory
Selected experiments for students taking CHEM 266.
Lab alternate weeks

CHEM 267 W 2C 0.5
Basic Organic Chemistry 2
A continuation of the concepts of CHEM 266, including material on amines, aromaticity, carbohydrates and lipids. Introduction to nuclear magnetic resonance and infrared spectroscopy.
Prereq: CHEM 266 or equivalent
Antireq: CHEM 036, 265

CHEM 267L W 3L 0.25
Organic Chemistry Laboratory
Selected experiments for students taking CHEM 267.
Lab alternate weeks

CHEM300S

CHEM 303 W 2C,1L 0.5
Ionic Equilibria
Algebraic, geometric and computational methods of analysing the interactions in systems of equilibria. Applications to aqueous solutions, physiological fluids, and mineral systems may be studied. Labs will require selected calculations by various manual and machine methods on typical systems.
Prereq: CHEM 254, basic computer skills

CHEM 305 F 2C,1T 0.5
Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics
The chemistry and physics of the terrestrial atmosphere with emphasis on the operation of major anthropogenic influences such as ozone depletion, the greenhouse effect and tropospheric systems such as photochemical smog. Other planetary atmospheres will be discussed in the context of their implications for the evolution of the earth's atmosphere.
Prereq: CHEM 254, 359

CHEM 312 F 2C,1T 0.5
Transition Metal Chemistry
The transition elements and their compounds. Stereochemistry of complex ions; ligand field and molecular orbital theories of metal-ligand bonding; electronic spectra and magneto-chemistry of complexes; reaction mechanisms (if time permits).
Prereq: CHEM 212
Antireq: CHEM 316
For Honours students only

CHEM 312L F,W 6L 0.5
Inorganic Chemistry Laboratory
Experiments appropriate to the inorganic chemistry program.
Coreq: CHEM 312 or 313
Antireq: CHEM 315L
For Honours students only

CHEM 313 W 2C,1T 0.5
Chemistry of Inorganic Solid State Materials
Introduction to the structure and bonding of ionic and covalent solids; crystal defects and non-stoichiometry; relationships between structure and electrical properties of solids including metallic conductivity, semiconductivity, superconductivity and ionic conductivity; special topics including one of: fast ion conductors, piezoelectric and ferroelectric oxides; magnetic oxides.
Prereq: CHEM 212
For Honours students only

CHEM 316 F 0.5
Coordination Chemistry
A basic coverage of first row transition elements for General and certain Honours students; preparation, nomenclature and general chemistry of transition metal complexes emphasizing structure, bonding, physical properties such as colour and magnetism, and chemical reactions.
Prereq: CHEM 218 or 212
Antireq: CHEM 312
By Distance Education only

CHEM 323 W 2C 0.5
Analytical Instrumentation
Detailed study of selected instruments and instrumental methods. Introduction to chemometrics and to computer interfacing.
Prereq: CHEM 223, 223L, 224L, plus the general knowledge expected of an Honours Chemistry student in Year Three
For Honours students only

CHEM 333 F,S 2C 0.5
Metabolism 1
Metabolism of carbohydrates, lipids and amino acids.
Prereq: CHEM 233 or 237
Coreq: CHEM 265 or 267

CHEM 334L F,W 3L 0.25
Advanced Biochemistry Laboratory
Selected experiments for students taking CHEM 333 and CHEM 357.
Prereq/Coreq: CHEM 333, 357

CHEM 357 W 2C,1T 0.5
Physical Biochemistry
The use of diffusion, ultracentrifugation, osmotic pressure, eletrophoresis and X-ray diffraction to study the properties of biopolymers. Hyperbolic and allosteric enzyme kinetics, inhibition and regulation. Some spectroscopies important to the life sciences.
Prereq: CHEM 123 or 125; 233 or 237, MATH 127/128 or equivalent

CHEM 358 W 2C,1T 0.5
Statistical Thermodynamics
Statistical nature of large assemblies of atoms and molecules. Canonical and grand canonical ensembles. Expressions for thermodynamic state functions. Evaluation of molecular partition functions. Introduction to Bose-Einstein and Fermi-Dirac statistics.
Prereq: CHEM 254, 256
Antireq: PHYS 359
For Honours students only

CHEM 358L F,W 6L 0.5
Physical Chemistry Laboratory 2
Selected experiments for students in the 3B term.
Prereq: CHEM 254L
For Honours students only

CHEM 359 F 2C,1T 0.5
Kinetics and Dynamics
A course in chemical kinetics, which includes recent developments in reaction dynamics. Topics covered: rates and mechanisms of chemical reactions (rate laws, treatment of kinetic data, reaction mechanisms, complex and fast reactions); theory of reaction rates (collision theory, activated complex theory); selected recent topics, such as laser chemistry, atmospheric chemistry, heterogeneous catalysts.
Prereq: CHEM 254, 256
For Honours students only

CHEM 362 F 2C 0.5
Mechanistic Organic Chemistry
Simple molecular orbital theory with applications to pericyclic reactions. Carbonium ions, carbanions, carbenes and other reactive intermediates. Linear free-energy correlations and applications to thermodynamics and kinetics. Isotope effects and transition state theory of organic reactions. Solvent effects on structure and reactivity.
Prereq: CHEM 265
For Honours students only

CHEM 366 W 2C 0.5
Structural and Synthetic Organic Chemistry
Stereochemistry in organic reactions; synthesis of selected organic compounds examined in detail with emphasis on cyclo-addition reactions and condensation reactions.
Prereq: CHEM 265 or 267
Antireq: CHEM 368

CHEM 366L W 3L 0.25
Organic Chemistry Laboratory
Selected experiments for students taking CHEM 366.

CHEM 368 W,S 2C 0.5
Synthetic Organic Chemistry
Strategies and tactics in organic synthesis. Retrosynthetic analysis. Carbon-carbon bond forming reactions: enolate chemistry and condensation reactions, Wittig olefination, conjugate additions and reductions, pericyclic reactions in synthesis. Use of protecting groups in synthesis.
Prereq: CHEM 265
Antireq: CHEM 366
For Honours students only

CHEM 368L F,W,S 6L 0.5
Senior Organic Chemistry Laboratory
Selected microscale synthetic experiments for students in Year Three Chemistry and Biochemistry programs, including spectroscopic identification of organic compounds.
Prereq: CHEM 265
Antireq: CHEM 366L
For Honours students only

CHEM 392A F,W,S 9L 0.75
Research Project 1
Only for students in the Honours Chemistry (Thesis Option) program and exchange students spending a term at Waterloo.

CHEM 392B F,W,S 18L 1.5
Research Project 2
Only for students in the Honours Chemistry (Thesis Option) program and exchange students spending a term at Waterloo.

CHEM400S

CHEM 404 W 2C 0.5
Physiochemical aspects of natural water.
Organic (natural and synthetic) chemicals in the environment. Environmental fate of organic pollutants. Environmental (solar) photochemistry. Technologies for water and wastewater treatment (microorganisms in water purification, direct photolysis, advanced redox processes, municipal and industrial water treatment, groundwater treatment).
Prereq: At least third year standing or consent of instructor

CHEM 411 F 2C 0.5
Organometallic Chemistry
The synthesis, characterization and reactivity of compounds containing metal-carbon covalent bonds. Metal carbonyls and their derivatives. Olefin, acetylene, pi-arene and related complexes. The nature of the metal-carbon bond. Catalysis by transition metal organometallics.
Prereq: CHEM 312

CHEM 412 F 2C 0.5
Radiochemistry
An introduction to nuclear stability rules, radioactive decay processes and nuclear structure. Alpha, beta, gamma emission. Nuclear reactions, fission, production of heavy elements. Interaction of radiation with matter. Radioisotopes. Brief introduction to actinide chemistry.
Prereq: At least third-year standing or consent of instructor

CHEM 413A-Z F,W 2C 0.5 each
Special Topics in Inorganic Chemistry
For a current list of offerings see the Undergraduate Officer.
Prereq: Third-year standing or consent of instructor

CHEM 421 W 2C 0.5
Mass Spectrometry
Principles involved in the use of electric and magnetic fields for mass analysis. Ionization methods. Applications of mass spectrometric analysis to the identification and quantitation of chemical compounds.
For Honours students only

CHEM 425A-Z F,W 2C 0.5 each
Special Topics in Analytical Chemistry
For a current list of offerings see the Undergraduate Officer.
Prereq: Third-year standing or consent of instructor

CHEM 432 F 2C 0.5
Metabolism 2
Properties and metabolism of porphyrins, purines, pyrimidines and biogenic amines. Structure-function relationships of enzymes. Control and transport mechanisms.
Prereq: CHEM 333

CHEM 433 W 2C 0.5
Advanced Biochemistry
Oxidative phosphorylation. Vision. Mevalonic acid pathways. Serine proteases. Prostaglandins. Salt balance. Respiration.
Prereq: CHEM 333

CHEM 434A-Z F,W 2C 0.5 each
Special Topics in Biochemistry
Special topics in biochemistry with applications. Areas covered in recent years include biochemistry of methane-producing bacteria, mechanism of action of antibiotics, antiviral agents and vitamins. For a current list of offerings see the Undergraduate Officer.
Prereq: CHEM 333

CHEM 435 F 2C 0.5
Bioorganic Mechanisms
Modern techniques of biosynthetic studies. Enzyme reaction mechanisms.
Prereq: CHEM 233 or 237 and one of 368, 366

CHEM 450 W 2C 0.5
Spectroscopy and Molecular Structure
Introduction to concepts and applications of microwave, Raman, IR, electronic and resonance spectroscopy with respect to molecular parameters.
Prereq: CHEM 256

CHEM 452A-Z F,W 2C 0.5 each
Special Topics in Physical Chemistry
For a current list of offerings see the Undergraduate Officer.
Prereq: Third-year standing or consent of instructor

CHEM 454 F 2C 0.5
Surface Chemistry
An introduction to the physical chemistry of surfaces. Qualitative and quantitative descriptions of surfaces and interfaces and the development of relevant techniques and theories. Application to surface tension, spreading, wetting, adsorption, and other interfacial phenomena.
Prereq: CHEM 254, 256

CHEM 456 W 2C 0.5
Catalysis
An introduction to heterogeneous catalysis. Examination of the physical manifestations of catalysis and the development of experimental techniques and theoretical methods for the measurement and elucidation of catalytic phenomena.
Prereq: CHEM 254
Next offered Winter, 1997

CHEM 464 F 2C 0.5
Spectroscopy in Organic Chemistry
Elucidation and identification of organic structures by contemporary spectroscopic techniques.
Prereq: CHEM 265

CHEM 465A-Z F,W 2C 0.5 each
Special Topics in Organic Chemistry
Topics will be selected from photochemistry, organometallics, synthesis, heterocyclics, natural products, molecular rearrangements. For a current list of offerings see the Undergraduate Officer.
Prereq/Coreq: CHEM 368

CHEM 470 F 3C 0.5
Introduction to Polymer Science
Basic definitions and polymer nomenclature, molecular weight averages and distributions, constitutional and configurational isomerism, rubber elasticity, step-growth and free radical chain growth polymerizations, emulsion polymerization.
Prereq: CHEM 254, 265 or equivalents
Antireq: CH E 542

CHEM 471 W 2C 0.5
Polymer Properties and Polymerization
Copolymerization, ionic and coordinate polymerizations, introduction to polymer reaction engineering, mechanical properties of polymers, polymer mixtures.
Prereq: CHEM 470 or equivalent
Antireq: CH E 542

CHEM 492A F 9L 0.75
Advanced Laboratory
Laboratory work on a senior year research project. See CHEM 492 co-ordinator for descriptive booklet and details.
For Honours students only

CHEM 492B W 9L 0.75
Advanced Laboratory
A continuation of CHEM 492A.
No credit or grade is given for the first term course unless the two term sequence, CHEM 492A/B, is completed.

CHEM 495A F 18L 1.5
Research Project 3
Only for students in the Honours Chemistry (Thesis Option) program.

CHEM 495B W 18L 1.5
Research Project 4
Only for students in the Honours Chemistry (Thesis Option) program.

CHEM 496A-E F,W,S R 0.5 each
Independent Study in the Defined Field of Study
A - Analytical Chemistry B - Biochemistry C - Inorganic Chemistry D - Organic Chemistry E - Physical Chemistry
Open to students in the Honours Chemistry (Thesis Option) program only.

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