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Geography



Undergraduate Officer
E. LeDrew, ES1 121, ext. 2783

Courses not offered in the current academic year are listed at the end of this section.

GEOG100S

GEOG 101 F,W 3C 0.5
Geography and Human Habitat
An introduction to human geography through a survey of some of the concepts, methods, techniques and applications of geographic analysis to the human cultural environment. Directed towards people-land and location analysis themes.

GEOG 102 F,W 3C 0.5
Geography and Our Planetary Environment
Emphasis on the natural environment as an integrated system. Selected aspects of weather - climate, water, soils, biota, landforms along with flows of energy, water and matter and their effects on the subsystems of the natural environment.

GEOG 120 F 2C,2L 0.5
The World Region
Selected areas of the world's climatic regions, emphasizing characteristic problems as well as their physical, cultural and economic interrelationships, resources use, population pressure, urban and rural land use, and human impact on the earth.

GEOG 160 F 2C,2L 0.5
Introduction to Cartography and Map Analysis
An introduction to the analysis, production and use of maps. Techniques of data collection, manipulation and symbolisation in order to present them in graphical form will be examined. Emphasis will be placed on hard copy maps and how they can mislead as well as inform.
Lab fee $15-$25

GEOG200S

GEOG 201 F,S 2C,2L 0.5
Geomorphology and Soils
The roles of geomorphological and soil forming processes in creating and modifying landscapes. The utility of geomorphological information in our everyday lives.
Prereq: GEOG 102 or EARTH 121 or 126 or GEO E 126

GEOG 202A F 3C 0.5
Location of Economic Activity
The principles of economic location and the process of regional development are introduced and illustrated with case studies. Basic theories and tools are used to analyse the location structure of primary, secondary and tertiary activities.
Prereq: A first-year human geography course or equivalent

GEOG 202B W,S 3C 0.5
Globilisation, Restructuring and Sustainability
Corporate, radical and sustainable development theories are introduced and contrasted with the neo-classical approach to economic geography. The integrative (and disintegrative) nature of economic development is demonstrated at different scales of geographic analysis (local, regional, national and international).
Prereq: GEOG 202A

GEOG 204 F 3C 0.5
Geography of Post Soviet Union
Introduction to the geography of the Post Soviet Union, with a focus on selected problems in urbanization,industrialization, resource use and regional economic development .

GEOG 205 W 2C,2L 0.5
Africa
The geography of modern Africa south of the Sahara in the context of changing attitudes to the continent on the part of "developed" countries. Attention will focus on problems of the physical, social and economic environments.

GEOG 206 S 2C,2L 0.5
The World Regions and World Issues
This course will discuss specific world regions, e.g., Japan, Switzerland, E. Europe, U.S.S.R., within a global context. It will also discuss world issues, including some of the following topics: the underdeveloped world, energy, the spread of arms and terrorism, environmental degradation, world trade, the flow of capital, and integrating geographical elements within the world region.

GEOG 208 W 2C,2L 0.5
Applied Climatology
World climate and weather patterns and their impact on humanity. Topics include atmospheric circulation, climate classifications, air pollution, urban climate, climate change and weather modification.
Prereq: GEOG 102

GEOG 221 F 3C 0.5
The United States
Focuses on population shifts, urban developments, and regional economic development in the context of the nation and selected regions.

GEOG 223 W 2C,1C 0.5
The Geography of Indonesia
A survey of the geography of Indonesian economic, social and political development since independence. Government policies and programs to ensure national economic growth, foster an Indonesian national identity, and enhance the role of Indonesia amongst developing countries in general and in south-east Asia in particular will be discussed.

GEOG 225 F 3C 0.5
Urbanization in the Third World
An analysis of the factors behind the rapid urbanization of selected areas in Asia, Africa and Latin America, with an examination of related problems of urban planning and development control policies.
Prereq: Any Faculty of Environmental Studies course or Third World Development course
Cross-listed as PLAN 260
Lab fee $8

GEOG 227 S 2C,2L 0.5
Regional Problems of Europe
An introduction to the Geography of Europe which examines agricultural, industrial and urban problems. Lectures, discussions and visual presentations based on field experience of instructors.

GEOG 255 F 2C,2L 0.5
Data Management and Analysis using Geographic Information Systems
Geographic information systems (GIS) are used as an organizing framework for discussion of data management in planning and geography. Topics include: data sources; methods of collection; database management; principles of geographic information systems; applications of geographic information systems in urban and regional analysis, monitoring and evaluation.
Prereq: ENV S 178 and GEOG 160
Antireq: PLAN 255
Lab fee $10

GEOG 275 F 2C,2L 0.5
Introductory Air Photo Analysis and Remote Sensing
Basic characteristics of various remote sensing techniques and their application in the broad field of geographic and environmental studies. Emphasis on the analysis and interpretation of air photos in 3 dimensions.
Lab fee $20

GEOG300S

GEOG 300 S 2C,2L 0.5
Geomorphology and the Southern Ontario Environment
Study of the origin and evolution of landforms of Southern Ontario. Analysis of contemporary geomorphic processes. Study of human impact on geomorphological landscapes. The lectures will be supplemented by field trips and field work required for term projects.
Prereq: Third- and fourth-year students only with GEOG 201 or consent of instructor
Lab fee $20

GEOG 302 F 2C,2L 0.5
Geomorphological Processes
The impact of processes in landform development and modification. Methodologies for measuring landform changes over different time periods and under different climatic conditions. Processes discussed in detail will include two of the following: Glaciation and De- glaciation, Fluvial, Aeolian, Coastal and Human Activity.
Prereq: GEOG 201 or EARTH 121/122 or consent of instructor

GEOG 303 F,S 3C 0.5
Geographical Hydrology
Study of the land based hydrological cycle and water balance with a Canadian emphasis. Focus on precipitation, interception, infiltration, evaporation, slope and stream runoff .
Prereq: GEOG 201 or one of 208 or 309
Lab fee $20

GEOG 304 F 4fldlab 0.5
Field and Lab Techniques in Geomorphology
An analysis of the range of techniques used by geomorphologists. This course will involve intensive field surveying, mapping and laboratory work.
Prereq: GEOG 300 or EARTH 342 or consent of instructor
Field-trip expenses: $15 per student

GEOG 305 W 2C,1T 0.5
Patterns and Processes of Biogeography
Geographic/spatial and temporal aspects of biogeography. Patterns of plant and animal distributions are discussed and the physical, historical, biological, and human processes involved in shaping these patterns.
Prereq: GEOG 201 and ENV S 200

GEOG 309 F 2C,1D 0.5
Physical Climatology
Principles of physical climatology with emphasis on regional and global change and variability. Topics include radiation and energy balances, general circulation patterns, synoptic development and micro-climatology.
Prereq: GEOG 102

GEOG 311 F 3C 0.5
Regional and Local Development
Economic development at regional and local scales. Emphasis on theoretical frameworks, empirical studies and planning issues.
Prereq: GEOG 202A and 202B or consent of instructor

GEOG 316 S 1C,2L 0.5
Multivariate Statistics
The theory and application of multivariate statistics, with particular emphasis upon the use of the computer.
Prereq: ENV S 278 or consent of instructor
Cross-listed as PLAN 351

GEOG 320 S 2C,2L 0.5
Regional Geography
The approach of the regional geographer is illustraded using one or more specific regions. Political, social and historical processes are studied as they affect perception of the regional environment. Example regions used are Austria, Alpine and Mediterranean World, Greece, Germany, Switzerland.
Prereq: A first-year human geography course

GEOG 322 F 3C 0.5
Geographical Study of Canada
Geographical Bases of Canada and Canadian issues. Selected problems relating to nationalism, resource development or theories of regionalism.

GEOG 323 F 3C 0.5
Perspective on International Tourism
The character, problems of, and prospects of tourism are examined through consideration of tourism in a variety of countries and regions, both developed and developing. Topics include the nature and significance of tourism; economic, environmental and social impacts of tourism; and costs and benefits of tourism to destination areas.
Prereq: GEOG 202A, REC 230 or consent of instructor

GEOG 326 W 3C 0.5
Gender Roles and Development Alternatives in the Third World
The course examines several conceptual research methods and action approaches, ranging from conventional development theories to feminist perspectives; from planning (macro and micro level) and program developments for women to popular, grass-root community movements in the development processes at work.
Prereq: Second-year Third World Development courses or consent of instructor
Estimated additional cost to student: $8

GEOG 332 F 3C 0.5
Health, Environment and Development in the Third World
Geographic concepts and issues in studying health related environmental problems. Topics include: morbidity and mortality patterns, Rpopulation at riskS, malnutrition, poverty, access to modern health care, and alternative health care systems. Regional case studies from the developing countries.
Prereq: Second-year Third World Development course or consent of instructor
Estimated additional cost to student: $8

GEOG 333 W 3C 0.5
Recreation Geography
Implications of existing and potential recreation supplies and demands. Topics include recreational travel, site capability, economic and ecological impact models and behavioural aspects of amenity resources.
Prereq: GEOG 202A or REC 230
Cross-listed as REC 333
Students may receive credit for only one of GEOG 333 and REC 333

GEOG 340 W 3C 0.5
Towns and Villages of Rural Canada
An examination of the evolving function of Canadian towns and villages. Emphasis is placed on the economic, demographic and social structure of communities from the pre-industrial to post-industrial period.
Prereq: GEOG 202A/B or consent of instructor
Field Trip Fee: $10 - $15

GEOG 341 S 2S 0.5
Historical Geography of Canada
The changing geographies of settlement and resource use from the beginnings of human settlement to the early twentieth century.
Prereq: A second-year human geography course or consent of instructor

GEOG 349 W 3C 0.5
The City as a System
Theories, models and research procedures in the study of internal urban structure. Focuses on city-wide processes, urban land use, spatial economics, interaction systems, decision-making, urban growth, and the processes of development and redevelopment.
Prereq: GEOG 202A or consent of instructor
Field trip fee approx. $20

GEOG 353 W 3C 0.5
Marketing Geography
A discussion of retail location at both inter and intra-urban scales emphasizing theoretical and applied approaches.
Prereq: GEOG 202A

GEOG 355 W 2C,2L 0.5
Spatial Data and Spatial Data Bases
This course focuses on building a GIS data base. It addresses theoretical issues regarding data models and data structures used in GIS and considers the processing required to input data from a variety of sources, register map layers, transform co-ordinate systems, and edit and clean a multi-map-sheet, multi-theme data base.
Prereq: GEOG 255
Antireq: PLAN 355
Lab fee: $20

GEOG 356 W 3C 0.5
Resources Management
Reviews selected theories, methods, and terminology related to economic, behavioural, institutional and decision-making aspects of resources and environmental problems.
Prereq: ENV S 178 or consent of instructor
Field trip fee $15

GEOG 358 F 3C 0.5
Water Planning and Management: Strategies and Experiences
Benchmark theory and principles of comprehensive water planning and integrated river basin management. Selected international to local scale case studies.
Prereq: Consent of instructor
Lab fee $15

GEOG 365Z F 2.5
Waterloo in UK - Leeds
Description in Environmental Studies program section
Prereq: Completed first and second year Honours requirements
Cross-listed as ENV S 365Z

GEOG 366Z W 2.5
Waterloo in UK - Leeds
As GEOG 365Z.
Cross-listed as ENV S 366Z

GEOG 367 W 3C 0.5
Conservation in Wildland and Resource Management
Consideration of the constraints and guidelines that an application of the principles of ecology place on the planning and management of resources within natural and semi-natural ecosystems. The theory of this subject will be discussed including principles of conservation biology, together with the management of wildlife, forestry, and parks.
Prereq: ENV S 200
Cross-listed as PLAN 340
Lab fee $20

GEOG 368 F 3C 0.5
Conservation/Resource Management of the Built Environment
Consideration of the constraints and guidelines that an application of the principles of ecology place on the planning and management of resources within urban spaces and the implications for urban design. The theory and history of this subject will be discussed together with urban ecomanagement, the management of waste, urban open space and parks, rehabilitated sites, and environmentally sensitive areas.
Prereq: ENV S 200
Cross-listed as PLAN 341
Lab fee $20

GEOG 372Z F 2.5
Waterloo in Switzerland - Lausanne
Description in Environmental Studies program section.

GEOG 373Z W 2.5
Waterloo in Switzerland - Lausanne
Description in Environmental Studies program section.

GEOG 376 W 2C,3L 0.5
Environmental Remote Sensing
Analysis of non-photographic systems of remote sensing (e.g. radar, Landsat, SPOT). Study of remote sensing methods and data processing for analysis of physical and human environments.
Prereq: GEOG 275
Lab fee $10-$15

GEOG 381 F 2C 0.5
The Nature of Geography
The roots and evolution of geographic thought, conceptual approaches and pathways. Past traditions, current issues, and future trends. The politics and sociology of geography as an art, science, and profession.
Prereq: Third- or fourth-year geography students

GEOG 391 F,W fldlab 0.5
Field Research
One week field course in which a specific area will be analysed from a geographic point of view. Individual or group analysis of specific field problems.
Prereq: Third year honours Geography students only
Estimated cost to student: $250

GEOG 393 F 3C 0.5
Professional and Scholarly Practice in Geography
This course explores the relationships between the academic content and methodologies of geography and the professional practice of the field. The course emphasizes issues involved in problem identification, research design, thesis proposal preparation, and the fundamentals of scholarly writing. The professional practice of the field examines such questions as ethics, the law and professional collaboration.
Prereq: Third- or fourth-year students only

GEOG400S

GEOG 405 F 3C 0.5
Wetlands
Basic concepts on the distribution, hydrology, geochemistry, formation and ecology of wetlands with an emphasis on temperate and subarctic systems. The uses and management of wetlands are considered with the view of wetlands as functional ecosystems.
Prereq: GEOG 201 and/or 207
Field trip fee: $20

GEOG 407 W 2C,1L 0.5
Physical Hydrology
Advanced study of hydrological processes with an emphasis on snow and snowmelt, and the linkage of atmospheric, surface and subsurface fluxes of energy and matter.
Prereq: GEOG 303
Lab Fee $20

GEOG 409 W 2S 0.5
Energy Balance Climatology
A field and lecture course including the radiation and energy balances of various surfaces, the principles of turbulent energy exchange, and the biotic response to the energy environment. These concepts will be illustrated through the collection and examination of field data. A self- directed learning approach is emphasized in this course.
Prereq: GEOG 309

GEOG 411 W 2S 0.5
Geography of Industrial Restructuring
Emphasis on multinational corporations, institutions, technological change, and analysis of the restructuring of specific industries.
Prereq: GEOG 202A and 202B or consent of instructor

GEOG 412 F 2C,1S 0.5
Japan and the Pacific Rim
This course will examine conflicting theories which explain the rise of Japan to the status of a global power. Geographic, economic, political, cultural and physical attributes are used to develop a better understanding of Japan, its complex trading system and the growing Pacific economy.
Prereq: GEOG 202A or 206 or consent of instructor

GEOG 421 F 2S 0.5
Europe
Physical, cultural, economic and political geography of Europe. Topics such as the development of cities, problems of agriculture, changing industrial patterns, distribution of trade, regional disparities, environmental degradation, and planning on the city, regional and national levels, will be discussed.
Prereq: GEOG 120 or 227

GEOG 422 F 2S 0.5
Canada
Seminar on geographical regional synthesis as applied to Canada. Study of regions at different scales. A self-directed learning approach is emphasized in this course.
Prereq: GEOG 322

GEOG 425 F 3C 0.5
Africa
Selected aspects of a major region with particular reference to problems of development. Normally the region will be East Africa. Selection of topics will be related to the interests of participants.
Prereq: GEOG 205

GEOG 430A/B/C S fldlab 0.5/1.0/1.5
Field Research in Regional Geography
430A (0.5 course credit) or 430B (1.0 course credit) or 430C (1.5 course credits) A detailed analysis of a selected region with major emphasis upon a field examination of the region (several weeks duration). Offering dependent upon faculty availability and student enrolment. Consult Undergraduate Advisor.
Prereq: Third- or fourth-year geography students or consent of instructor

GEOG 450 F 3C 0.5
City and Regional Systems
A continuation of GEOG 349 and 350 with an emphasis on student projects.
Prereq: GEOG 349 and 350 or consent of instructor

GEOG 455 W 3C 0.5
Applications of Geographic Information Systems in Geography
This course focuses on applications of GIS in Geography. Themes to be considered include: Integration of remote sensing and GIS, applications of terrain modelling, and applications of GIS in resource assessment and environmental management.
Prereq: GEOG 355 or PLAN 355

GEOG 459 W 2L,lS 0.5
Global Energy Systems
The major global energy systems: oil, coal, gas, nuclear and renewables, will be examined. The distribution of energy resources and changing consumption patterns will be reviewed. Comparisons will be made between different fuels and the consumption patterns of different countries. Attention will also be paid to the environmental impact of different energy systems.
Prereq: GEOG 202A or consent of instructor.

GEOG 471 W 2C,2L 0.5
Advanced Remote Sensing
Principles of earth resource analysis using remotely sensed imagery and digital data acquired from both satellite and airborne platforms. Analysis procedures used in the extraction of resource information from digital data are examined.
Prereq: GEOG 376

GEOG 474A-Z F,W,S 3C 0.5
Special Topics in Geography
These courses allow for additions to the program on a short-term basis, and for the development of future permanent courses.
Prereq: Consent of instructor

GEOG 475A/B/C F,W,S 2S 0.5 each
Independent Study of Selected Topics
Individual study of specific topics not covered in other courses. Students must not register for this course until a faculty member has agreed to supervise the study and the student has developed a brief outline to be filed with the Associate Chair, Undergraduate Studies.
Prereq: Third- or fourth-year geography students and consent of instructor
The letter designation allows this course to be taken more than once for credit

GEOG 490A F,WS, 3S 0.5
Honours Thesis Preparation
Preparatory work and first draft of thesis.
Prereq: GEOG 393; only fourth-year Honours students

GEOG 490B F,W,S 3S 1.0
Honours Thesis Completion
Completion of thesis.
Prereq: GEOG 393 and 490A; only fourth-year Honours students

Courses not offered 1995-96
GEOG 207 Water Resources of Canada
GEOG 226 Rural Resources and Development in the Third World
GEOG 318 Spatial Analysis
GEOG 319 Economic and Social Techniques for Regional Planning
GEOG 331 Special Topics in Cultural Geography
GEOG 350 Regional Urban Systems
GEOG 351 Geography of Transportation
GEOG 359 Geography of Energy
GEOG 375 Air Photo Interpretation
GEOG 401 Glacial Geomorphology and Some Contemporary Applications
GEOG 404 Cartographic Production and Design
GEOG 408 Atmospheric Resource Management
GEOG 461 Land Dereliction, Rehabilitation and the Design of "New Landscapes"

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