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Physics



Undergraduate Officer
J.K. Brandon, PHY 241, ext. 3494
K.A. Woolner, PHY 243, ext. 2848

Courses not offered in the current academic year are listed at the end of this section.

Note: Prerequisites are given as a guide to the student and may be waived with the consent of instructor.

PHYS100S

PHYS 001 0.0
Pre-University Physics
This course covers the topics in Ontario Grades 11 to 13 essential for first year university physics. The course includes mechanics, gravitation, vibrations and waves, heat, electricity, light and optics. Successful completion of this course fulfills the University admission requirements where high school Physics is necessary.
No University Credit
Offered by Distance Education only

PHYS 010 F,W,S 1C 0.0
Physics Seminar
This seminar brings together Honours Physics (Regular and Co- op) students in all years to hear invited speakers, view physics-related films, and learn about current research.

PHYS 103 F 3C,3L,2T 0.5
Mechanics in Human Movement
An introduction to the physical principles required for the analysis of the mechanics of human movement; includes particle kinematics and dynamics, statics, work and energy, conservation of energy and linear momentum, rotational kinematics and dynamics, and conservation of angular momentum.
Coreq: MATH 107
For Kinesiology students
Lab alternate weeks, optional tutorial

PHYS 105 W 3C,3L,2T 0.5
Electrical Science
Basic electricity, magnetism and electronics. An introduction to the physical principles required for an understanding of the electrical measurements and instrumentation used in Kinesiology.
Prereq: PHYS 103
For Kinesiology students
Lab alternate weeks, optional tutorial

PHYS 111 F 3C,1T 0.5
Physics 1
An introduction to physics for students intending to concentrate their further studies in biology, dentistry, medicine and paramedicine; includes particle kinematics and dynamics, energy and momentum conservation, rotational mechanics, properties of liquids, temperature and heat.
Coreq: (for Science students) PHYS 111L
Antireq: PHYS 121

PHYS 111L F 3L 0.25
Physics 1 Laboratory
For students taking PHYS 111.
Lab alternate weeks

PHYS 112 W,S 3C,1T 0.5
Physics 2
A continuation of PHYS 111; includes simple harmonic motion, electrostatic force and potential, electric current and power, DC circuits, magnetic field and induction, wave motion, sound, light, optics and nuclear physics.
Prereq: PHYS 111 or 121
Coreq: (for Science students) PHYS 112L
Antireq: PHYS 122

PHYS 112L W,S 3L 0.25
Physics 2 Laboratory
For students taking PHYS 112.
Lab alternate weeks

PHYS 115 F 3C,2T 0.5
Mechanics
Brief review of kinematics. Particle dynamics, work, energy, conservation of energy. Conservation of linear momentum, collisions, rotational kinematics and dynamics, conservation of angular momentum. Equilibrium of rigid bodies.
For students in Year One Engineering

PHYS 121 F 3C,1T 0.5
Mechanics, Wave Motion and Heat 1
An introductory course in physics for students intending to concentrate their future studies in the physical sciences, optometry or mathematics; includes particle kinematics and dynamics, forces in nature, work and energy, conservation of energy and linear momentum, rotational kinematics and dynamics, and conservation of angular momentum.
Prereq: OAC Calculus and at least one other OAC math.
OAC Physics recommended.
Coreq: (for Science students) PHYS 121L
Antireq: PHYS 111

PHYS 121L F 3L 0.25
Mechanics, Wave Motion and Heat 1 Laboratory
For students taking PHYS 121.
Lab alternate weeks

PHYS 122 W,S 3C,1T 0.5
Mechanics, Wave Motion and Heat 2
This course is a continuation of PHYS 121; includes oscillating systems, wave motion, gravitation, fluid mechanics, heat and thermodynamics.
Prereq: PHYS 121
Coreq: (for Science students) PHYS 122L
Antireq: PHYS 112

PHYS 122L W,S 3L 0.25
Mechanics, Wave Motion and Heat 2 Laboratory
For students taking PHYS 122.
Lab alternate weeks

PHYS 123 W,S 3C 0.5
Digital Computation
Introduction to computer applications in physics. Numerical solution of problems in classical mechanics. Storage, analysis, and display of experimental data. Graphical techniques for constructing field plots. Extension of the numerical techniques to other areas in physics.
For Co-op Physics students or students intending to major in Physics

PHYS 125 W,S 3C,2T 0.5
Physics for Engineers
Oscillations; simple harmonic motion. Wave motion, travelling and standing waves; transverse and longitudinal waves, including sound. Geometrical optics; reflection and refraction. Physical optics; interference and diffraction. Quantum physics; quantization of radiation; hydrogen atom.
Prereq: PHYS 115

PHYS200S

PHYS 222 F 0.5
Electricity and Magnetism 1
Coulomb's law, electric field, Gauss' law, potential, capacitance, properties of dielectrics, current, resistance, electromotive force, D.C. circuits and instruments.
Prereq: First year physics and calculus
Antireq: PHYS 252
Not for students in the Honours Physics Program

PHYS 223 W 0.5
Electricity and Magnetism 2
Magnetic fields, induced electromotive forces, magnetic properties of matter, alternating currents, electromagnetic waves.
Prereq: PHYS 222
Antireq: PHYS 253
Not for students in the Honours Physics Program

PHYS 226 F 2C,1T 0.5
Geometrical Optics
Fermat's principle, reflection and refraction at plane and spherical surfaces, thin and thick lenses, optical instruments such as magnifiers, microscopes, telescopes, spectrometers, normal magnification.
Prereq: First year physics and calculus
Coreq: PHYS 226L
Not for students in the Honours Physics program

PHYS 226L F 3L 0.25
Geometrical Optics Laboratory
For students taking PHYS 226
Lab alternate weeks

PHYS 234 W,S 3C 0.5
Quantum Physics 1
Special theory of relativity. Background of quantum physics. Quantization, waves and particles. The Schrödinger equation. Significance of the wave function. Bound states in potential wells. Travelling waves and transmission through barriers in one dimension.
Prereq: First year physics and calculus, MATH 216
Antireq: CHEM 256

PHYS 246 W 3C,1T 0.5
Physical Optics
Nature of light, wave motion, superposition of waves, interference of light, Fraunhofer diffraction and resolution limit of optical instruments; the diffraction grating and the analysis of light. Fresnel diffraction. Polarized light. Coherence of light, lasers, holography. Fibre Optics.
Prereq: First year physics and calculus
Coreq: PHYS 246L

PHYS 246L W 3L 0.25
Physical Optics Laboratory
For students taking PHYS 246.
Lab alternate weeks

PHYS 252 F 3C 0.5
Electricity and Magnetism 1
Coulomb's law, electric fields, Gauss' law, potential, capacitance, properties of dielectrics, current, resistance, electromotive force, D.C. circuits, A.C. circuits, instrumentation.
Prereq: First year physics and calculus
Coreq: PHYS 252L
Antireq: PHYS 222

PHYS 252L F 3L 0.25
Electricity and Magnetism Laboratory
For students taking PHYS 252.
Lab alternate weeks

PHYS 253 W,S 3C 0.5
Electricity and Magnetism 2
Magnetic fields, Ampre's law, induced electromotive forces, magnetic devices, magnetic properties of materials, inductance, introduction to Maxwell's equations and electromagnetic waves.
Prereq: PHYS 252, MATH 216, 227P
Coreq: PHYS 253L
Antireq: PHYS 223

PHYS 253L W,S 3L 0.25
Electricity and Magnetism Laboratory
For students taking PHYS 253.
Lab alternate weeks

PHYS 256 F 3C 0.5
Geometrical and Physical Optics
Electromagnetic waves and the nature of light. Geometrical optics, matrix treatment. Physical Optics: interference, Fraunhofer and Fresnel diffraction, polarization. Optical instruments.
Prereq: First year physics and calculus
Coreq: PHYS 256L

PHYS 256L F 3L 0.25
Optics Laboratory
For students taking PHYS 256.
Lab alternate weeks

PHYS 259 F,W,S 3C 0.5
Crystallography and X-Ray Diffraction
Space lattices, symmetry, crystal geometry and structure, sterographyic projections. X-ray production, theory of X-ray diffraction and X-ray methods, crystal structure determination, the reciprocal lattice. Optional topics such as crystal formation, crystal defects, electron and neutron diffraction.
Prereq: First year physics and calculus
Coreq: PHYS 259L
Strongly recommended for students planning to take PHYS 435 (Solid State Physics). May be taken in either second or third year

PHYS 259L F,W,S 3L 0.25
Crystallography and X-Ray Diffraction Laboratory
For students taking PHYS 259
Lab alternate weeks

PHYS 263 W,S 3C 0.5
Classical Mechanics
Newtonian dynamics of particles and systems of particles: resisted motion, gravitation, central-force motion, non-inertial frames, oscillations, normal modes.
Prereq: First year physics and calculus, MATH 216

PHYS 275 F 3C 0.5
Astrophysics 1 - The Solar System
The Planets, Newtonian gravity and celestial mechanics, the formation of stars and planets, meteorites, asteroids, comets, planetary interiors, planetary surfaces, planetary atmospheres, the origin of life.
Students with a weak background in Mathematics or Physics are advised to take SCI 238 first

PHYS300S

PHYS 326 F 3C 0.5
Modern Physics
Special theory of relativity, quantization of electromagnetic radiation, wave properties of particles, the hydrogen atom.
Not for students in the Honours Physics program

PHYS 334 F,S 3C 0.5
Quantum Physics 2
Postulates of quantum mechanics. Angular momentum. The hydrogen atom. Time independent perturbation theory. Applications in atomic physics.
Prereq: PHYS 234, MATH 227 or 227P

PHYS 352 F,S 3C 0.5
Analogue Electronics
p and n materials, pn diodes, junction and FET transistors. Transistor amplifiers and their equivalent circuits. Operational amplifiers. Oscillators and power supplies. Computer simulation of devices and circuits.
Prereq: Introductory DC and AC circuit theory
Coreq: PHYS 352L

PHYS 352L F,S 3L 0.25
Analogue Electronics Laboratory
For students taking PHYS 352
Lab alternate weeks

PHYS 353 W 3C 0.5
Digital Electronics
Logic gates, flip-flops and shift registers. Binary numbers and Boolean algebra. An introduction to microprocessors is discussed based on the 6800. This will include arithmetic logic units, parallel input/output ports, assembly language and a number of examples.
Coreq: PHYS 353L
Antireq: CS 351, E&CE 223

PHYS 353L W 3L 0.25
Digital Electronics Laboratory
For students taking PHYS 353
Lab alternate weeks

PHYS 355 W 3C 0.5
Nuclear Physics
Description of nuclear forces. Nuclear models and structure. Stability and decay modes. Nuclear reactions, fission and fusion. Instruments of nuclear physics. Introduction to elementary particle physics.
Prereq: PHYS 326 or 334

PHYS 358 F,S 3C 0.5
Thermodynamics
Concepts of temperature and thermodynamic equilibrium. Work, internal energy and heat; first law, with examples. Engines, refrigerators, the concepts of reversibility and absolute temperature. Entropy and the second law. Maxwell's equations and their applications. Joule-Kelvin effect and phase transitions. Third Law and other applications of thermodynamics.
Prereq: PHYS 122, MATH 216, 227 or 227P

PHYS 359 W 3C 0.5
Statistical Mechanics
Statistical Mechanics vs Thermodynamics. Probability theory. Microcanonical and canonical ensembles. Entropy. General formulation of Statistical Thermodynamics. Fermi-Dirac, Bose-Einstein and Boltzmann Statistics. Quantum ideal gases. Specific heat of solids. Metals: the electron gas. Radiation: the photon gas. Distribution functions. The classical gas. Mean free path. Effusion. Dense gases.
Prereq: PHYS 358

PHYS 360A F,S 3L 0.25
Intermediate Laboratory
Selected experiments in mechanics, optics, electronics, atomic, molecular, nuclear and solid state physics.
Prereq: PHYS 121L, 122L and two second year Physics labs 18 hours of experiments

PHYS 360B W 3L 0.25
Intermediate Laboratory
Continuation of 360A.
18 hours of experiments

PHYS 364 F,S 3C 0.5
Mathematical Physics 1
Vector operators in curvilinear coordinates. The partial differential equations of mathematical physics. Separation of variables. Sturm-Liouville theory. Fourier series. Legendre, Bessel and other special functions.
Prereq: MATH 216, 227P
Primarily intended for Honours Physics students

PHYS 365 W 3C 0.5
Mathematical Physics 2
Cartesian tensors. Invariance. Matrix algebra. Introduction to the use of Complex Variable theory. Fourier and other transforms.
Prereq: MATH 216, 227P
Primarily intended for Honours Physics students

PHYS 371A F,S 3L 0.25
Intermediate Laboratory
Further experiments in mechanics, optics, electronics, atomic, molecular, nuclear and solid state physics.
18 hours of experiments

PHYS 371B W 3L 0.25
Intermediate Laboratory
Continuation of 371A.
18 hours of experiments

PHYS 375 W 3C 0.5
Astrophysics 2 - Stars and Stellar Evolution
Observational techniques, spectral classification, stellar motions and distances, open clusters, globular clusters, stellar populations, theory of the structure, atmosphere, formation and evolution of stars.
Prereq: Years One and Two Physics and Calculus, and some familiarity with programming and stellar terminology.

PHYS 380 W 3C 0.5
Molecular Biophysics
Behaviour of biological macromolecules, protein structure and function, weak interactions, physical techniques for determination of macromolecular structure, structure and function of nucleic acids, protein synthesis, energy in biological systems, molecular growth and evolution.
Prereq: Year One Physics and Chemistry, or consent of instructor

PHYS 381 F 3C 0.5
Cellular Biophysics
Structure and function of cellular membranes, membrane lipid and protein structure and dynamics, membrane potential and ion transport, nerve conduction, vision and interaction of light with membranes, muscle contraction and energy transduction.
Prereq: Year One Physics and Chemistry, or consent of instructor

PHYS400S

PHYS 432 W 3C 0.5
Physics of Solid State Devices
The theories of solid state physics are applied to explain the operation and use of several modern electronic devices, including the p-n junction, transistors, tunnel diodes, field effect devices, opto-electronic devices, etc.
Prereq: PHYS 435

PHYS 434 F 3C 0.5
Quantum Physics 3
Schrödinger, Heisenberg and interaction representations. Time dependent perturbation theory. Helium atom and many electron atoms. Molecules.
Prereq: PHYS 334, 364 and 365

PHYS 435 F 3C 0.5
Solid State Physics
Introductory concepts. Crystal diffraction and the reciprocal lattice. Crystal bonding. Lattice vibrations, thermal properties of insulators. Free-electron theory of metals, band theory. Semiconductors and selected topics.
Prereq: Completion of Year Three Honours Physics

PHYS 437A F,W - 0.5
Research Project
A research project in any area of Physics approved by the course co-ordinator(s). The student is required to present a summary of the project orally and to submit a written report in a style suitable for publication. Some projects, especially those with an experimental emphasis, will likely continue as 437B. In these cases, students will submit an interim written report, in addition to the oral presentation.
Prereq: Completion of all third year honours physics program requirements and registration in the fourth year of an honours physics program. Students with <70% average in the third year core are advised not to take this course. Enrolment will be limited

PHYS 437B W - 0.5
Research Project (continued)
A continuation of the project undertaken in PHYS 437A. The student is required to present a summary of the project orally or by poster and to submit a written report in a style suitable for publication.
Prereq: Completion of PHYS 437A and approval of the course coordinator(s)

PHYS 441A F 3C 0.5
Electromagnetic Theory
Electrostatics, magnetostatics, and the macroscopic description of dielectrics and magnetic materials. Includes appropriate mathematical techniques, potential theory and the method of images.
Prereq: PHYS 252/253, 364/365

PHYS 441B W 3C 0.5
Electromagnetic Theory
Maxwell's Equations. Electromagnetic fields and the Lorentz Transformation. Plane waves in insulators, conductors and plasmas. Reflection and refraction at plane boundaries. Guided waves. Dipole radiation.
Prereq: PHYS 441A

PHYS 444 W 3C 0.5
Modern Particle Physics
An introduction to the experimental and theoretical aspects of present-day particle physics. Basic concepts. Accelerators and detectors. Symmetry principles. Electromagnetic, strong and weak interactions.
Prereq: PHYS 334, 364/365 or equivalent

PHYS 445 W 3C 0.5
Modern Optics
Basic electromagnetic wave theory. Polarization, reflection, refraction, and dispersion. Temporal coherence and spectra. Spatial coherence and diffraction. Spatial filtering. Lasers, modes and beam propagation. Special topics may include crystal optics and nonlinear effects, holography, fibre optics and communications.
Prereq: PHYS 256

PHYS 454 W 3C 0.5
Quantum Physics 4
Scattering theory. Relativistic wave equations. Quantization of fields.
Prereq: PHYS 434.
PHYS 454 is strongly recommended for students intending to do graduate work

PHYS 463 F 3C 0.5
Modern Dynamics
Canonical transformations, Hamilton-Jacobi theory. Perturbation theory, Hamiltonian chaos, nonlinearity, integrability and the KAM theorem.
Prereq: PHYS 263

PHYS 464 W 3C 0.5
Mathematical Physics 3
Topics in mathematical physics, as for example integral equations, Greens functions and complex analysis.
Prereq: PHYS 364/365

PHYS 475 F 3C 0.5
Astrophysics 3 - Galaxies and Cosmology
Properties and origin of galaxies, quasars, clusters of galaxies, observational cosmology, the big-bang theory, introduction to general relativity and Riemannian geometry, the origin and fate of the Universe.

PHYS 476A-Z
Astrophysics 4 - Special Topics in Astrophysics
A lecture course offered upon demand and subject to availability of instructors in a particular branch of astrophysics.
Prereq: Consent of instructor

PHYS 480 F 3C 0.5
Radiation Biophysics
The effect of radiation of various kinds on cells and tissues; mechanisms of damage, repair theories, genetic effects, dose-response relationships; cancer radiotherapy (x-rays, electrons, neutrons, protons, negative 9 mesons); other types of cancer therapies used in conjunction with radiotherapy (e.g. hyperthermia); late effects of radiation; carcinogenesis; risk vs. benefit; applications.

PHYS 481 W 3C 0.5
Biophysics of Organ Systems
Transplantation of organs: storage of organs at suboptimal (0 to +15{C) and subzero temperatures, theories of freezing damage (-196{C) to cells and organs, banking of tissues, blood cells and sperm at -196{C, future application. Temperature regulation, hypothermia. Physics of the cardiovascular system: hydrostatics, hydrodynamics, electrocardiograms. Anatomy and physics of respiration, gas transport and gas exchange, applications to diving.

Courses not offered 1995-96
PHYS 249/249L Introduction to Waves and Diffraction
PHYS 301/302 Physical Techniques for Biologists 1/2
PHYS 324/325 Atomic and Nuclear Physics 1/2
PHYS 368/369 Geophysics 1/2
PHYS 443 Continuum Mechanics
PHYS 453 Advanced Analogue Electronics
PHYS 465 Mathematical Physics 4

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