[How to read the course descriptions]

*
Undergraduate Officer
*

J.K. Brandon, PHY 241, ext. 3494

K.A. Woolner, PHY 243, ext. 2848

**
Courses not offered in the current academic year are listed at the end of this section.
**

**Note:**
*
Prerequisites are given as a guide to the student and may be waived with the consent of instructor.
*

**PHYS 001 0.0**

**Pre-University Physics
**

This course covers the topics in Ontario Grades 11 to 13 essential
for first year university physics. The course includes mechanics,
gravitation, vibrations and waves, heat, electricity, light and optics.
Successful completion of this course fulfills the University admission
requirements where high school Physics is necessary.
*No University Credit
Offered by Distance Education only
*

**PHYS 010 F,W,S 1C 0.0**

**Physics Seminar
**

This seminar brings together Honours Physics (Regular and Co-
op) students in all years to hear invited speakers, view physics-related
films, and learn about current research.

**PHYS 103 F 3C,3L,2T 0.5**

**Mechanics in Human Movement
**

An introduction to the physical principles required for the analysis
of the mechanics of human movement; includes particle kinematics and
dynamics, statics, work and energy, conservation of energy and linear
momentum, rotational kinematics and dynamics, and conservation of
angular momentum.

*Coreq: MATH 107
For Kinesiology students
Lab alternate weeks, optional tutorial
*

**PHYS 105 W 3C,3L,2T 0.5**

**Electrical Science
**

Basic electricity, magnetism and electronics. An introduction to
the physical principles required for an understanding of the electrical
measurements and instrumentation used in Kinesiology.

*Prereq: PHYS 103
For Kinesiology students
Lab alternate weeks, optional tutorial
*

**PHYS 111 F 3C,1T 0.5**

**Physics 1
**

An introduction to physics for students intending to concentrate
their further studies in biology, dentistry, medicine and paramedicine;
includes particle kinematics and dynamics, energy and momentum
conservation, rotational mechanics, properties of liquids, temperature and
heat.

*Coreq: (for Science students) PHYS 111L
Antireq: PHYS 121
*

**PHYS 111L F 3L 0.25**

**Physics 1 Laboratory
**

For students taking PHYS 111.
*Lab alternate weeks
*

**PHYS 112 W,S 3C,1T 0.5**

**Physics 2
**

A continuation of PHYS 111; includes simple harmonic motion,
electrostatic force and potential, electric current and power, DC circuits,
magnetic field and induction, wave motion, sound, light, optics and nuclear
physics.

*Prereq: PHYS 111 or 121
Coreq: (for Science students) PHYS 112L
Antireq: PHYS 122
*

**PHYS 112L W,S 3L 0.25**

**Physics 2 Laboratory
**

For students taking PHYS 112.
*Lab alternate weeks
*

**PHYS 115 F 3C,2T 0.5**

**Mechanics
**

Brief review of kinematics. Particle dynamics, work, energy,
conservation of energy. Conservation of linear momentum, collisions,
rotational kinematics and dynamics, conservation of angular momentum.
Equilibrium of rigid bodies.
*For students in Year One Engineering
*

**PHYS 121 F 3C,1T 0.5**

**Mechanics, Wave Motion and Heat 1
**

An introductory course in physics for students intending to
concentrate their future studies in the physical sciences, optometry or
mathematics; includes particle kinematics and dynamics, forces in nature,
work and energy, conservation of energy and linear momentum, rotational
kinematics and dynamics, and conservation of angular momentum.

*Prereq: OAC Calculus and at least one other OAC math.
OAC Physics recommended.
Coreq: (for Science students) PHYS 121L
Antireq: PHYS 111
*

**PHYS 121L F 3L 0.25**

**Mechanics, Wave Motion and Heat 1 Laboratory
**

For students taking PHYS 121.
*Lab alternate weeks
*

**PHYS 122 W,S 3C,1T 0.5**

**Mechanics, Wave Motion and Heat 2
**

This course is a continuation of PHYS 121; includes oscillating
systems, wave motion, gravitation, fluid mechanics, heat and
thermodynamics.

*Prereq: PHYS 121
Coreq: (for Science students) PHYS 122L
Antireq: PHYS 112
*

**PHYS 122L W,S 3L 0.25**

**Mechanics, Wave Motion and Heat 2 Laboratory
**

For students taking PHYS 122.
*Lab alternate weeks
*

**PHYS 123 W,S 3C 0.5**

**Digital Computation
**

Introduction to computer applications in physics. Numerical
solution of problems in classical mechanics. Storage, analysis, and display
of experimental data. Graphical techniques for constructing field plots.
Extension of the numerical techniques to other areas in physics.
*For Co-op Physics students or students intending to major in Physics
*

**PHYS 125 W,S 3C,2T 0.5**

**Physics for Engineers
**

Oscillations; simple harmonic motion. Wave motion, travelling
and standing waves; transverse and longitudinal waves, including sound.
Geometrical optics; reflection and refraction. Physical optics; interference
and diffraction. Quantum physics; quantization of radiation; hydrogen
atom.

*Prereq: PHYS 115
*

**PHYS 222 F 0.5**

**Electricity and Magnetism 1
**

Coulomb's law, electric field, Gauss' law, potential, capacitance,
properties of dielectrics, current, resistance, electromotive force, D.C.
circuits and instruments.

*Prereq: First year physics and calculus
Antireq: PHYS 252
Not for students in the Honours Physics Program
*

**PHYS 223 W 0.5**

**Electricity and Magnetism 2
**

Magnetic fields, induced electromotive forces, magnetic properties
of matter, alternating currents, electromagnetic waves.

*Prereq: PHYS 222
Antireq: PHYS 253
Not for students in the Honours Physics Program
*

**PHYS 226 F 2C,1T 0.5**

**Geometrical Optics
**

Fermat's principle, reflection and refraction at plane and spherical
surfaces, thin and thick lenses, optical instruments such as magnifiers,
microscopes, telescopes, spectrometers, normal magnification.

*Prereq: First year physics and calculus
Coreq: PHYS 226L
Not for students in the Honours Physics program
*

**PHYS 226L F 3L 0.25**

**Geometrical Optics Laboratory
**

For students taking PHYS 226
*Lab alternate weeks
*

**PHYS 234 W,S 3C 0.5**

**Quantum Physics 1
**

Special theory of relativity. Background of quantum physics.
Quantization, waves and particles. The Schrödinger equation. Significance
of the wave function. Bound states in potential wells. Travelling waves and
transmission through barriers in one dimension.

*Prereq: First year physics and calculus, MATH 216
Antireq: CHEM 256
*

**PHYS 246 W 3C,1T 0.5**

**Physical Optics
**

Nature of light, wave motion, superposition of waves, interference
of light, Fraunhofer diffraction and resolution limit of optical instruments;
the diffraction grating and the analysis of light. Fresnel diffraction.
Polarized light. Coherence of light, lasers, holography. Fibre Optics.

*Prereq: First year physics and calculus
Coreq: PHYS 246L
*

**PHYS 246L W 3L 0.25**

**Physical Optics Laboratory
**

For students taking PHYS 246.
*Lab alternate weeks
*

**PHYS 252 F 3C 0.5**

**Electricity and Magnetism 1
**

Coulomb's law, electric fields, Gauss' law, potential, capacitance,
properties of dielectrics, current, resistance, electromotive force, D.C.
circuits, A.C. circuits, instrumentation.

*Prereq: First year physics and calculus
Coreq: PHYS 252L
Antireq: PHYS 222
*

**PHYS 252L F 3L 0.25**

**Electricity and Magnetism Laboratory
**

For students taking PHYS 252.
*Lab alternate weeks
*

**PHYS 253 W,S 3C 0.5**

**Electricity and Magnetism 2
**

Magnetic fields, Ampre's law, induced electromotive forces,
magnetic devices, magnetic properties of materials, inductance,
introduction to Maxwell's equations and electromagnetic waves.

*Prereq: PHYS 252, MATH 216, 227P
Coreq: PHYS 253L
Antireq: PHYS 223
*

**PHYS 253L W,S 3L 0.25**

**Electricity and Magnetism Laboratory
**

For students taking PHYS 253.
*Lab alternate weeks
*

**PHYS 256 F 3C 0.5**

**Geometrical and Physical Optics
**

Electromagnetic waves and the nature of light. Geometrical optics,
matrix treatment. Physical Optics: interference, Fraunhofer and Fresnel
diffraction, polarization. Optical instruments.

*Prereq: First year physics and calculus
Coreq: PHYS 256L
*

**PHYS 256L F 3L 0.25**

**Optics Laboratory
**

For students taking PHYS 256.
*Lab alternate weeks
*

**PHYS 259 F,W,S 3C 0.5**

**Crystallography and X-Ray Diffraction
**

Space lattices, symmetry, crystal geometry and structure,
sterographyic projections. X-ray production, theory of X-ray diffraction
and X-ray methods, crystal structure determination, the reciprocal lattice.
Optional topics such as crystal formation, crystal defects, electron and
neutron diffraction.

*Prereq: First year physics and calculus
Coreq: PHYS 259L
Strongly recommended for students planning to take PHYS 435 (Solid State
Physics). May be taken in either second or third year
*

**PHYS 259L F,W,S 3L 0.25**

**Crystallography and X-Ray Diffraction Laboratory
**

For students taking PHYS 259
*Lab alternate weeks
*

**PHYS 263 W,S 3C 0.5**

**Classical Mechanics
**

Newtonian dynamics of particles and systems of particles: resisted
motion, gravitation, central-force motion, non-inertial frames, oscillations,
normal modes.

*Prereq: First year physics and calculus, MATH 216
*

**PHYS 275 F 3C 0.5**

**Astrophysics 1 - The Solar System
**

The Planets, Newtonian gravity and celestial mechanics, the
formation of stars and planets, meteorites, asteroids, comets, planetary
interiors, planetary surfaces, planetary atmospheres, the origin of life.
*Students with a weak background in Mathematics or Physics are advised to
take SCI 238 first
*

**PHYS 326 F 3C 0.5**

**Modern Physics
**

Special theory of relativity, quantization of electromagnetic
radiation, wave properties of particles, the hydrogen atom.
*Not for students in the Honours Physics program
*

**PHYS 334 F,S 3C 0.5**

**Quantum Physics 2
**

Postulates of quantum mechanics. Angular momentum. The
hydrogen atom. Time independent perturbation theory. Applications in
atomic physics.

*Prereq: PHYS 234, MATH 227 or 227P
*

**PHYS 352 F,S 3C 0.5**

**Analogue Electronics
**

p and n materials, pn diodes, junction and FET transistors.
Transistor amplifiers and their equivalent circuits. Operational amplifiers.
Oscillators and power supplies. Computer simulation of devices and
circuits.

*Prereq: Introductory DC and AC circuit theory
Coreq: PHYS 352L
*

**PHYS 352L F,S 3L 0.25**

**Analogue Electronics Laboratory
**

For students taking PHYS 352
*Lab alternate weeks
*

**PHYS 353 W 3C 0.5**

**Digital Electronics
**

Logic gates, flip-flops and shift registers. Binary numbers and
Boolean algebra. An introduction to microprocessors is discussed based on
the 6800. This will include arithmetic logic units, parallel input/output
ports, assembly language and a number of examples.

*Coreq: PHYS 353L
Antireq: CS 351, E&CE 223
*

**PHYS 353L W 3L 0.25**

**Digital Electronics Laboratory
**

For students taking PHYS 353
*Lab alternate weeks
*

**PHYS 355 W 3C 0.5**

**Nuclear Physics
**

Description of nuclear forces. Nuclear models and structure.
Stability and decay modes. Nuclear reactions, fission and fusion.
Instruments of nuclear physics. Introduction to elementary particle physics.

*Prereq: PHYS 326 or 334
*

**PHYS 358 F,S 3C 0.5**

**Thermodynamics
**

Concepts of temperature and thermodynamic equilibrium. Work,
internal energy and heat; first law, with examples. Engines, refrigerators,
the concepts of reversibility and absolute temperature. Entropy and the
second law. Maxwell's equations and their applications. Joule-Kelvin effect
and phase transitions. Third Law and other applications of
thermodynamics.

*Prereq: PHYS 122, MATH 216, 227 or 227P
*

**PHYS 359 W 3C 0.5**

**Statistical Mechanics
**

Statistical Mechanics vs Thermodynamics. Probability theory.
Microcanonical and canonical ensembles. Entropy. General formulation of
Statistical Thermodynamics. Fermi-Dirac, Bose-Einstein and Boltzmann
Statistics. Quantum ideal gases. Specific heat of solids. Metals: the electron
gas. Radiation: the photon gas. Distribution functions. The classical gas.
Mean free path. Effusion. Dense gases.

*Prereq: PHYS 358
*

**PHYS 360A F,S 3L 0.25**

**Intermediate Laboratory
**

Selected experiments in mechanics, optics, electronics, atomic,
molecular, nuclear and solid state physics.

*Prereq: PHYS 121L, 122L and two second year Physics labs
18 hours of experiments
*

**PHYS 360B W 3L 0.25**

**Intermediate Laboratory
**

Continuation of 360A.
*18 hours of experiments
*

**PHYS 364 F,S 3C 0.5**

**Mathematical Physics 1
**

Vector operators in curvilinear coordinates. The partial
differential equations of mathematical physics. Separation of variables.
Sturm-Liouville theory. Fourier series. Legendre, Bessel and other special
functions.

*Prereq: MATH 216, 227P
Primarily intended for Honours Physics students
*

**PHYS 365 W 3C 0.5**

**Mathematical Physics 2
**

Cartesian tensors. Invariance. Matrix algebra. Introduction to the
use of Complex Variable theory. Fourier and other transforms.

*Prereq: MATH 216, 227P
Primarily intended for Honours Physics students
*

**PHYS 371A F,S 3L 0.25**

**Intermediate Laboratory
**

Further experiments in mechanics, optics, electronics, atomic,
molecular, nuclear and solid state physics.
*18 hours of experiments
*

**PHYS 371B W 3L 0.25**

**Intermediate Laboratory
**

Continuation of 371A.
*18 hours of experiments
*

**PHYS 375 W 3C 0.5**

**Astrophysics 2 - Stars and Stellar Evolution
**

Observational techniques, spectral classification, stellar motions
and distances, open clusters, globular clusters, stellar populations, theory of
the structure, atmosphere, formation and evolution of stars.

*Prereq: Years One and Two Physics and Calculus, and some
familiarity with programming and stellar terminology.
*

**PHYS 380 W 3C 0.5**

**Molecular Biophysics
**

Behaviour of biological macromolecules, protein structure and
function, weak interactions, physical techniques for determination of
macromolecular structure, structure and function of nucleic acids, protein
synthesis, energy in biological systems, molecular growth and evolution.

*Prereq: Year One Physics and Chemistry, or consent of
instructor
*

**PHYS 381 F 3C 0.5**

**Cellular Biophysics
**

Structure and function of cellular membranes, membrane lipid
and protein structure and dynamics, membrane potential and ion transport,
nerve conduction, vision and interaction of light with membranes, muscle
contraction and energy transduction.

*Prereq: Year One Physics and Chemistry, or consent of
instructor
*

**PHYS 432 W 3C 0.5**

**Physics of Solid State Devices
**

The theories of solid state physics are applied to explain the
operation and use of several modern electronic devices, including the p-n
junction, transistors, tunnel diodes, field effect devices, opto-electronic
devices, etc.

*Prereq: PHYS 435
*

**PHYS 434 F 3C 0.5**

**Quantum Physics 3
**

Schrödinger, Heisenberg and interaction representations. Time
dependent perturbation theory. Helium atom and many electron atoms.
Molecules.

*Prereq: PHYS 334, 364 and 365
*

**PHYS 435 F 3C 0.5**

**Solid State Physics
**

Introductory concepts. Crystal diffraction and the reciprocal
lattice. Crystal bonding. Lattice vibrations, thermal properties of
insulators. Free-electron theory of metals, band theory. Semiconductors
and selected topics.

*Prereq: Completion of Year Three Honours Physics
*

**PHYS 437A F,W - 0.5**

**Research Project
**

A research project in any area of Physics approved by the course
co-ordinator(s). The student is required to present a summary of the
project orally and to submit a written report in a style suitable for
publication. Some projects, especially those with an experimental emphasis,
will likely continue as 437B. In these cases, students will submit an interim
written report, in addition to the oral presentation.

*Prereq: Completion of all third year honours physics
program requirements and registration in the fourth year of an honours
physics program. Students with <70% average in the third year core are
advised not to take this course. Enrolment will be limited
*

**PHYS 437B W - 0.5**

**Research Project (continued)
**

A continuation of the project undertaken in PHYS 437A. The
student is required to present a summary of the project orally or by poster
and to submit a written report in a style suitable for publication.

*Prereq: Completion of PHYS 437A and approval of the
course coordinator(s)
*

**PHYS 441A F 3C 0.5**

**Electromagnetic Theory
**

Electrostatics, magnetostatics, and the macroscopic description of
dielectrics and magnetic materials. Includes appropriate mathematical
techniques, potential theory and the method of images.

*Prereq: PHYS 252/253, 364/365
*

**PHYS 441B W 3C 0.5**

**Electromagnetic Theory
**

Maxwell's Equations. Electromagnetic fields and the Lorentz
Transformation. Plane waves in insulators, conductors and plasmas.
Reflection and refraction at plane boundaries. Guided waves. Dipole
radiation.

*Prereq: PHYS 441A
*

**PHYS 444 W 3C 0.5**

**Modern Particle Physics
**

An introduction to the experimental and theoretical aspects of
present-day particle physics. Basic concepts. Accelerators and detectors.
Symmetry principles. Electromagnetic, strong and weak interactions.

*Prereq: PHYS 334, 364/365 or equivalent
*

**PHYS 445 W 3C 0.5**

**Modern Optics
**

Basic electromagnetic wave theory. Polarization, reflection,
refraction, and dispersion. Temporal coherence and spectra. Spatial
coherence and diffraction. Spatial filtering. Lasers, modes and beam
propagation. Special topics may include crystal optics and nonlinear effects,
holography, fibre optics and communications.

*Prereq: PHYS 256
*

**PHYS 454 W 3C 0.5**

**Quantum Physics 4
**

Scattering theory. Relativistic wave equations. Quantization of
fields.

*Prereq: PHYS 434.
PHYS 454 is strongly recommended for students intending to do graduate
work
*

**PHYS 463 F 3C 0.5**

**Modern Dynamics
**

Canonical transformations, Hamilton-Jacobi theory. Perturbation
theory, Hamiltonian chaos, nonlinearity, integrability and the KAM
theorem.

*Prereq: PHYS 263
*

**PHYS 464 W 3C 0.5**

**Mathematical Physics 3
**

Topics in mathematical physics, as for example integral equations,
Greens functions and complex analysis.

*Prereq: PHYS 364/365
*

**PHYS 475 F 3C 0.5**

**Astrophysics 3 - Galaxies and Cosmology
**

Properties and origin of galaxies, quasars, clusters of galaxies,
observational cosmology, the big-bang theory, introduction to general
relativity and Riemannian geometry, the origin and fate of the Universe.

**PHYS 476A-Z**

**Astrophysics 4 - Special Topics in Astrophysics
**

A lecture course offered upon demand and subject to availability
of instructors in a particular branch of astrophysics.

*Prereq: Consent of instructor
*

**PHYS 480 F 3C 0.5**

**Radiation Biophysics
**

The effect of radiation of various kinds on cells and tissues;
mechanisms of damage, repair theories, genetic effects, dose-response
relationships; cancer radiotherapy (x-rays, electrons, neutrons, protons,
negative 9 mesons); other types of cancer therapies used in conjunction
with radiotherapy (e.g. hyperthermia); late effects of radiation;
carcinogenesis; risk vs. benefit; applications.

**PHYS 481 W 3C 0.5**

**Biophysics of Organ Systems
**

Transplantation of organs: storage of organs at suboptimal (0 to
+15{C) and subzero temperatures, theories of freezing damage (-196{C) to
cells and organs, banking of tissues, blood cells and sperm at -196{C,
future application. Temperature regulation, hypothermia. Physics of the
cardiovascular system: hydrostatics, hydrodynamics, electrocardiograms.
Anatomy and physics of respiration, gas transport and gas exchange,
applications to diving.

**Courses not offered 1995-96**

PHYS 249/249L Introduction to Waves and Diffraction

PHYS 301/302 Physical Techniques for Biologists 1/2

PHYS 324/325 Atomic and Nuclear Physics 1/2

PHYS 368/369 Geophysics 1/2

PHYS 443 Continuum Mechanics

PHYS 453 Advanced Analogue Electronics

PHYS 465 Mathematical Physics 4

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