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Departmental Programs

Biology


The following programs are offered in the Biology department:

Honours Major Programs
Regular:
Honours Biology
Honours Biochemistry
Honours Biochemistry (Biotechnology Option)
Honours Biology and Chemistry
Honours Biology/Business Economics
Honours Biology and Environment and Resource Studies
Honours Biology and Geography

Co-operative:
Honours Co-operative Biology
Honours Co-operative Biochemistry
Honours Co-operative Biochemistry (Biotechnology Option)
Honours Co-operative Biology and Chemistry
Honours Co-operative Biology/Business Economics
Honours Science Program 2 (with specialization in Biology)
Honours Science Program 2 (Pre-Health-Professions Option)
Minor in Biology

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Honours Major Programs Regular

Honours Biology

Program Advisors: Professors W.R. Hawthorn, M. Griffith, R. Smith, D. Barton, and Mr. N. Scott

Admission to, and continuance in, Honours Biology requires a cumulative average of 60% and a cumulative average of 65% in all Biology courses.

In order to graduate in the Honours Biology program, the following requirements must be met:

  1. Successful completion of 21.0 credits.
  2. At least a 0.75 credit in Biochemistry and a 0.75 credit in Organic Chemistry.
  3. By the end of Year Two, students must have completed CS 102.
  4. Mandatory courses as listed below.

Also, any student who fails a Biology course during second or third year will not be permitted to continue in the program unless reinstated by the department.


Year One
1.5 Biology credits from the following: BIOL 210, 211, 220, 221, 230, 239, 240, 241, 250, 273
CHEM 120/120L and 123/123L
Five electives (2.5 credits)

Note
Students who enter Year Two of Regular Honours Biology with 1.0 Biology credit from Year One are advised to complete the remaining 4.0 credits of 200-level Biology courses by the end of Year Two. This will usually mean that these students will have six lecture courses during one term of Year Two. BIOL 240 should be taken before BIOL 241.


Year Two
3.5 Biology credits from the following: BIOL 210, 211, 220, 221, 230, 239, 240, 241, 250, 273
CHEM 266+/266L and 237/237L
STAT 202

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Biology Themes

During third and fourth year, students may wish to specialize in certain recognized areas of biological sciences such as:
Animal and Plant Physiology
Aquatic Ecology
Cell/Molecular Biology and Biotechnology
Evolutionary Biology and Biosystematics
Microbiology
Pre-Health-Professions
Terrestrial Ecology
Appropriate 400-level courses have been selected to fit each of these areas, yet it is perfectly acceptable for any student to decide on an independent selection of courses, according to individual interests. Consult a Biology Undergraduate Officer for more details.


Year Three
At least 3.5 credits from the 400-level Biology courses (excluding BIOL 301)
Three electives (1.5 credits)

Recommended Electives: Chemistry courses and PHYS 301


Year Four
At least 3.0 credits from the 400-level Biology courses
Four electives (2.0 credits)
+ Students contemplating a "Minor in Chemistry" must take Honours-level Chemistry courses. CHEM 266, 267 and 228 will not count towards the Minor; the appropriate acceptable courses are CHEM 264, 265 and 223/223L respectively. Students are urged to check their plans for this Minor with the Undergraduate Officer in Chemistry.

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Honours Biochemistry

Program Advisors: Professors L.J. Brubacher (Chemistry), and M. Globus and B. Greenberg (Biology)

This program allows specialization in either biochemistry with a chemical emphasis, or biochemistry with a physiological, molecular biological or microbiological emphasis. The program is also available in the Co-operative system of study.

Professional Standing: The program in Biochemistry fulfills the academic requirements for professional membership in the Chemical Institute of Canada.

Admission to, and continuance in, Honours Biochemistry requires a cumulative average of 60% and a cumulative average of 60% in Chemistry courses and 65% in Biology courses.

In order to graduate in the Honours Biochemistry program, the following requirements must be met:

  1. Successful completion of 22.75 credits (including all required labs in Chemistry and Physics).
  2. Mandatory courses as listed below.
  3. 7.0 credits from recommended Years Three and Four electives.

Note
Students who elect to take BIOL 240 and 241 are advised that the preferred sequence is BIOL 240 followed by 241.


Year One
BIOL 230, 239
CHEM 121/120L and 125/123L, 129
PHYS 121/121L or 111/111L, and 112/112L
MATH 127/128
Elective (0.5 credit)

Year Two
1.5 credits from 200-level Biology courses
CHEM 212, 223, 223L, 224L, 254, 264, 265, 265L
STAT 202
Elective (0.5 credit)

Year Three
BIOL 436, 437
CHEM 233, 333, 334L, 357, 368, 368L
Four electives* (2.0 credits) from Groups below
CHEM 233 and 333 are to be taken concurrently in the Fall term.

Year Four
Ten electives* (5.0 credits)+ from Groups below

* Years Three and Four electives (7.0 credits from Groups A, B, and C, with at least 5.5 credits from Groups A and B, of which not less than 4.0 credits are from Group A.)

Group A
BIOL 428, 432X, 433X, 434, 438, 439, 440, 441, 442, 499A/B
CHEM 432, 433, 434, 435, 492A/B+

Group B
BIOL 402, 403, 404, 423, 427X, 443, 444, 445, 448, 449, 454, 455, 470, 471, 473X
CHEM 312, 313, 323, 411, 412, 413, 425, 464, 465
PHYS 381, 480

Group C
Free electives (not more than 1.5 credits)

+ Students electing CHEM 492A/B must earn 7.5 credits from groups A, B and C, with 5.5 credits in Year Four.

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Honours Biochemistry (Biotechnology Option)

For program information see "Honours Co-operative Biochemistry (Biotechnology Option).

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Honours Biology and Chemistry

For program information see "Honours Co-operative Biology and Chemistry".

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Honours Biology/Business Economics

Program Advisors: Professor M. Globus (Biology) and Professor E. Carvalho (Economics)

As technological developments are introduced at an ever-increasing pace, there is a strong demand for individuals with a depth of understanding of both the science of Biology and its implementation in the world of business and government. Decision makers often need to appreciate the underlying scientific issues as well as the economic ramifications of their decisions. Students interested in an interdisciplinary approach may wish to consider the Honours Biology/Business Economics program which is designed to prepare students for careers at the interface of the Biological Sciences and Business or Government, encompassing such diverse fields as food and agriculture, natural resources, biotechnology, the health-related industries and environmental toxicology.

This program is offered in both Regular and Co-operative systems of study. Admission to, and continuance in, Honours Biology/Business Economics requires a cumulative Biology average of 65%, a cumulative Economics average of 70% and a cumulative overall average of at least 65%.

In order to graduate in the Honours Biology/Business Economics program, the following requirements must be met:

  1. Successful completion of 21.0 credits.
  2. Of the 21.0 credits required, 12.0 credits must be in Science;
  3. 7.5 credits must be taken in Economics, Accounting and Business.
  4. Computer Science (CS 102).
  5. 1.0 elective credit.
  6. Mandatory courses are listed below.

Year One
2.0 Biology credits from: BIOL 210, 211, 220, 221, 230, 239, 240, 241, 250, 273
CHEM 120/120L and 123/123L
ECON 101 and 102
ACC 123
CS 102*

Year Two
2.0 Biology credits from: BIOL 210, 211, 220, 221, 230, 239, 240, 241, 250, 273
CHEM 266 /266L and 237/237L
ECON 201, 202, 211 and 221

Year Three
2.5 credits in Biology at the 400-level
ECON 231, and 355 or 344
ACC 231
0.5 credit from the following: ECON 301, 302, 321, 341, 344, 345, 361, 401, 402, 403, BUS 352W+**
plus 0.5 credit elective (ENGL 209 is recommended)

Year Four
2.5 credits in Biology at the 400-level
2.0 credits from ECON 301, 302, 321, 341, 344, 345, 361, 401, 402, 403, BUS 352W+**
plus 0.5 credit elective


* Students with no computer literacy should take CS 100 before CS 102.
** BUS 352W is recommended.
+ WLU course

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Honours Biology and Environment and Resource Studies
Honours Biology and Geography

Program Advisor: Professor D. Barton (Biology)

Admission to these programs will be made at the Year Two level.

Admission to, and continuance in, either program requires an overall cumulative average of 60% with a cumulative average of 70% in the Faculty of Environmental Studies courses, and a cumulative average of 65% in Biology courses.

In order to graduate in either program, the following requirements must be met:

  1. Successful completion of 21.0 credits.
  2. Of the 21.0 credits required, 7.0 credits must be approved by the Biology Department, and 6.5 credits must be in the appropriate department of the Faculty of Environmental Studies, or equivalent.
  3. STAT 202 and CS 102.
  4. CHEM 120/120L, 123/123L, 266/266L and 237/237L.
  5. In exceptional cases for truly outstanding students, this program may be taken as a Co-operative option; however, it is the intention of the Biology Department that no more than five students be enrolled in any given year.

Since proper course selection in either program is critical, contact Professor D. Barton, Biology, for further details.

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Honours Major Programs Co-operative

Honours Co-operative Biology

Program Advisors: Professors D. Barton, W.R. Hawthorn, M. Griffith, R. Smith and Mr. N. Scott

The University of Waterloo offers a Co-operative Biology program designed to equip the graduating student with two years of work-related experience as well as a degree in Honours Biology. Applicants for Co-op Biology must fulfill the normal admission requirements for the Faculty of Science. The program has academic and work terms scheduled as shown in "The Department of Co-operative Educations and Career Services".

During the work terms, students are assessed on their performance and are also required to write work reports. The program is aimed at making the student competitive in the job market without precluding entry into graduate school.

Admission to, and continuance in, Honours Co-operative Biology requires a cumulative average of 60% and a cumulative average of 65% in all Biology courses.

In order to graduate in the Honours Co-operative Biology program, the following requirements must be met:

  1. Successful completion of 21.0 credits.
  2. By the end of Year 2B, students should have completed the ten introductory Biology courses at the 200-level, and CS 102.
  3. 13 400-level Biology courses.
  4. Four satisfactory work-term reports.
  5. Mandatory courses as listed below.

Note to All 1A Students
BIOL 230 is recommended for first year. BIOL 240 should be taken before 241.

Note to All 1B Students
Students should be aware that BIOL 239 and 273 must be taken during either the Winter or Spring terms in even-numbered years and BIOL 211, 221 and 241 must be taken during either the Winter or Spring terms in odd-numbered years.

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Biology Themes

During third and fourth year, students may wish to specialize in certain recognized areas of biological sciences such as:
Animal and Plant Physiology
Aquatic Ecology
Cell/Molecular Biology and Biotechnology
Evolutionary Biology and Biosystematics
Microbiology
Pre-Health-Professions
Terrestrial Ecology
Appropriate 400-level courses have been selected to fit each of these areas, yet it is perfectly acceptable for any student to decide on an independent selection of courses, according to individual interests. Consult a Biology Undergraduate Officer for more details.

Stream 8
(Students who take Year 1B during Winter Term)

Fall Winter Spring
Year 1A Year 1B Work Term BIOL 230 BIOL - 1.0 or 1.5 BIOL 240 200-level credits CHEM 120/120L CHEM 123/123L Electives - Electives - 1.0 credit 1.0 or 0.5 credit
Year 2A Work Term Year 2B BIOL - 1.0 200-level BIOL - 1.0 or 1.5 credit 200-level credits CHEM 266+/266L CHEM 228+ CHEM 237*/237L Electives - 1.0 or STAT 202 0.5 credit
Work Term Year 3A Work Term BIOL - 1.5 or 2.0 400-level credits Electives - 1.0 credit (CHEM 267+ is recommended)
Year 3B Work Term Work Term BIOL - 0.5 200-level credit BIOL 0 1.5 or 2.0 400-level credits Electives 0 0.5 credit (Biochemistry courses are recommended)

Stream 4 (Students who take Year 1B during Spring Term)


Fall Winter Spring
Year 1A Work Term Year 1B BIOL 230 BIOL - 1.0 or 1.5 BIOL 240 200-level credits CHEM 120/120L CHEM 123/123L Electives - 1.0 credit Electives - 1.0 or 0.5 credit
Work Term Year 2A Work Term BIOL - 1.0 or 1.5 200-level credits CHEM 266+/266L Elective - 1.0 credits
Year 2B Work Term Year 3A BIOL - 1.5 BIOL - 1.5 or 2.0 200-level credits 400-level credits CHEM 237/237L CHEM 228+ STAT 202 Electives - 0.5 credit
Work Term Year 3B Work Term BIOL - 1.5 or 2.0 400-level credits Elective - 0.5 credit (CHEM 267+ or CHEM 333 are recommended)

Stream 4 and Stream 8


Fall Winter
Year 4A Year 4B BIOL - 1.5 400-level credits BIOL - 1.5 400-level credits Electives - 1.0 credit Electives - 1.0 credit (Biochemistry courses (Biochemistry courses are recommended) are recommended)
Since some fourth-year courses are offered in alternate years only, Biology major students are advised to plan their third-and fourth-year courses simultaneously.
+ Students contemplating a "Minor in Chemistry" must take Honours-level Chemistry courses. CHEM 266, 267 and 228 will not count towards the Minor; the appropriate acceptable courses are CHEM 264, 265 and 223/223L respectively. Students are urged to check their plans for a Minor with the Undergraduate Officer in Chemistry.
* Only students in stream 8, Co-operative Biology may take CHEM 237/237L concurrently with 266/266L. Students in this stream may opt to defer CHEM 237/237L to a later term if they do not wish to take additional biochemistry courses.

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Honours Co-operative Biochemistry

Program Advisors: Professor L.J. Brubacher (Chemistry) and Professor M. Globus and B. Greenberg (Biology)

This program allows specialization in either biochemistry with a chemical emphasis, or biochemistry with a physiological or microbiological emphasis. The program is also available in the Regular system of study.

Professional Standing

The program in Biochemistry fulfills the academic requirements for professional membership in the Chemical Institute of Canada.

Admission to, and continuance in, Honours Co-operative Biochemistry requires a cumulative average of 60%, a cumulative average of 60% in Chemistry courses, and a cumulative average of 65% in Biology courses.

In order to graduate in the Honours Co-operative Biochemistry program, the following requirements must be met:

  1. Successful completion of 22.75 credits (including all required labs in Chemistry and Physics).
  2. Normally, a student must have been enrolled full-time in two out of three years, one of which must be either Year Two or Three, and the other must be Year Four.
  3. Mandatory courses as listed below.
  4. 7.0 credits from recommended Years Three and Four electives.
  5. Four satisfactory work-term reports.

Note
Students should be aware that BIOL 239 must be taken in the Winter term, or in the Spring term of an even-numbered year. Students who elect to take BIOL 240 and 241 are advised that the preferred sequence is BIOL 240 followed by 241.

Stream 8
(Students who take Year 1B in Winter Term)

Fall Winter Spring
Year 1A Year 1B Work Term BIOL 230 BIOL 239 CHEM 121/120L BIOL - 0.5 PHYS 121/121L or 200-level credit 111/111L CHEM 125/123L MATH 127 CHEM 129 Elective (0.5 credit)MATH 128
Year 2A Work Term Year 2B BIOL - 0.5 BIOL - 0.5 200-level credit 200-level credit CHEM 212 CHEM 224L, 233 CHEM 223/223L CHEM 265/265L CHEM 254 PHYS 112/112L CHEM 264 Elective (0.5 credit)
Work Term Year 3A Work Term BIOL 436 CHEM 357 CHEM 368/368L Electives* (1.0 credit) from Groups below
Year 3B Work Term Work Term BIOL 437 CHEM 333/334L STAT 202 Electives* (1.0 credit) from Groups below

Stream 4 (Students who take Year 1B in Spring Term)


Fall Winter Spring
Year 1A Work Term Year 1B BIOL 230 BIOL - 0.5 BIOL - 0.5 200-level credit 200-level credit CHEM 125/123L CHEM 121/120L CHEM 129 PHYS 121/121L or MATH 128 111/111L PHYS 112/112L MATH 127
Work Term Year 2A Work Term BIOL 239 BIOL - 0.5 200-level credit CHEM 212 CHEM 223/223L CHEM 264
Year 2B Work Term Year 3A CHEM 224L, 233 BIOL 437 CHEM 254 CHEM 333 CHEM 265/265L CHEM 368/368L STAT 202 Electives* (1.0 Elective (0.5 credit) credit) from Groups below
Work Term Year 3B Work Term BIOL 436 CHEM 357/334L Electives* (1.0 credit) from Groups below Electives (0.5 credit)

Stream 4 and Stream 8


Fall Winter
Year 4A Year 4B Electives* (2.5 credits+) Electives* (2.5 credits+) from Groups below from Groups below
* Years Three and Four electives (7.0+ credits from Groups A, B and C, with at least 5.5 credits from Groups A and B, of which not less than 4.0 credits are from Group A)

Group A
BIOL 428, 432X, 433X, 434, 438, 439, 440, 441, 442, 499A/B
CHEM 432, 433, 434, 435, 492A/B+

Group B
BIOL 402, 403, 404, 423, 427X, 443, 444, 445, 448, 449, 454, 455, 470, 471, 473X
CHEM 312, 313, 323, 411, 412, 413, 425, 464, 465
PHYS 381, 480

Group C
Free electives (not more than 1.5 credits)

+ Students electing CHEM 492A/B must earn 7.5 credits from Groups A, B and C, with 5.5 credits in Year Four.

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Honours Co-operative Biochemistry (Biotechnology Option)

Program Advisors: Professor L.J. Brubacher (Chemistry) and Professor M. Globus (Biology)

The Biotechnology Option comes into effect in Year Three. Although this Option is set up in Co-operative format, it is also available for students in the Regular system of study.

Stream 8
In Years One and Two, this Option follows the same sequence of courses as in the Honours Co-operative Biochemistry program, except that students must include BIOL 240, 241, and 273 in their program. Students should take BIOL 240 in Year 1A in place of the free elective, BIOL 273 in Year 1B as the BIOL elective, a free elective in Year 2A in place of the BIOL elective, and BIOL 241 in Year 2B as the BIOL elective.


Fall Winter Spring
Work Term Year 3A Work Term BIOL 436 BIOL 439 CHEM 357 CHEM 368/368L Elective* (0.5 credit) from Groups below
Year 3B Work Term Work Term BIOL 440 BIOL 437 BIOL 454 CHEM 333/334L STAT 202
Stream 4
In Years One and Two, this Option follows the same sequence of courses as in the Honours Co-operative Biochemistry program, except that students must include BIOL 240, 241, and 273 in their program. Students should take BIOL 240 in Year 1A, BIOL 273 in Year 1B, and BIOL 241 in Year 2A as the BIOL electives.

Fall Winter Spring
Year 2B Work Term Year 3A See (above) BIOL 437 BIOL 440 BIOL 454 CHEM 333 CHEM 368/368L
Work Term Year 3B Work Term BIOL 436 BIOL 439 CHEM 357/334L Elective* (0.5 credit) from Groups below Elective (0.5 credit)
Stream 4 and Stream 8
Fall Winter
Year 4A Year 4B BIOL 432X Electives* (2.5 credits+) from BIOL 443 Groups below Electives* (1.5 credits ) from Groups below
* Years Three and Four electives (4.5 credits from Groups A, B, and C, with at least 3.0 credits from Groups A and B, of which not less than 1.5 credits are from Group A)

Group A
BIOL 428, 433X, 434, 438, 441, 442, 499A/B
CHEM 432, 433, 434, 435, 492A/B

Group B
BIOL 402, 403, 404, 423, 427X, 444, 445, 448, 449, 455, 470, 471, 473X
CHEM 312, 313, 323, 411, 412, 413, 425, 464, 465
PHYS 381, 480

Group C
Free electives (not more than 1.5 credits)

+ Students electing CHEM 492A/B must earn 5.0 credits from Groups A, B and C, with 5.5 credits in Year Four.

Honours Co-operative Biology and Chemistry

Program Advisors: Professor L.J. Brubacher (Chemistry) and Professor M. Globus (Biology)

This program provides a strong grounding in both Biology and Chemistry. Those interested in teaching, or, in certain areas of research at the interface between Biology and Chemistry such as bio-organic synthesis, chemical epidemiology, ecophysiology, environmental toxicology may wish to select this program. Such students should consult one of the program advisors for assistance in designing a program to suit their specific interests. Students should choose the 200-level Biology courses which are prerequisites for the 400-level topics they wish to study. Students who elect to take BIOL 240 and BIOL 241 are advised that the preferred sequence is BIOL 240 followed by BIOL 241. Although this program is presented in the Co-operative format, it is also available in the Regular system of study.

Admission to, and continuance in, Honours Co-operative Biology and Chemistry requires a cumulative average of 60%, a cumulative average of 60% in Chemistry courses, and a cumulative average of 65% in Biology courses.

In order to graduate in the Honours Co-operative Biology and Chemistry program, the following requirements must be met:

  1. Successful completion of 22.75 credits (including all required labs in Chemistry and Physics).
  2. Normally, a student must have been enrolled full-time in two out of three years, one of which must be either Year Two or Three, and the other must be Year Four.
  3. Mandatory courses as listed below.
  4. 2.0 credits from Years Three and Four electives*.
  5. 2.0 credits free electives.
Stream 8
(Students who take Year 1B in Winter Term)

Fall Winter Spring
Year 1A Year 1B Work Term BIOL - 1.0 BIOL - 0.5 200-level credit 200-level credit CHEM 121/120L CHEM 125/123L PHYS 121/121L or CHEM 129 111/111L MATH 128 MATH 127 Elective (0.5 credit)
Year 2A Work Term Year 2B BIOL - 0.5 BIOL - 0.5 200-level credit 200-level credit CHEM 212 CHEM 224L, 233 CHEM 223/223L CHEM 265/265L CHEM 254 PHYS 112/112L CHEM 264 Elective (0.5 credit)
Work Term Year 3A Work Term BIOL - 1.0 400-level credit CHEM 357 CHEM 368/368L Elective* (0.5 credit)
Year 3B Work Term Work Term BIOL - 1.0 400-level credit CHEM 333/334L STAT 202 Elective* (0.5 credit)

Stream 4 Students who take Year 1B in Spring Term


Fall Winter Spring
Year 1A Work Term Year 1B BIOL - 1.0 BIOL - 0.5 200-level credit 200-level credit CHEM 121/120L CHEM 125/123L PHYS 121/121L or CHEM 129 111/111L MATH 128 MATH 127 Elective (0.5 credit)
Work Term Year 2A Work Term BIOL - 0.5 200-level credit CHEM 212 CHEM 223/223L CHEM 264 PHYS 112/112L
Year 2B Work Term Year 3A BIOL - 0.5 BIOL - 1.0 200-level credit 400-level credit CHEM 224L, 233 CHEM 333 CHEM 254 CHEM 368/368L CHEM 265/265L Elective* (0.5 STAT 202 credit)
Work Term Year 3B Work Term BIOL - 1.0 400-level credit CHEM 357/334L Elective* (0.5 credit) Elective (0.5 credit)

Stream 4 and Stream 8


Year 4
BIOL - 2.5 400-level credits CHEM 312 Electives* (1.0 credit) Electives (1.0 credit)
* Selected from 400-level BIOL courses or CHEM 313, 323, 411, 412, 413, 425, 432, 433, 434, 435, 464, 465, 492A/B+
+ Students electing CHEM 492A/B must earn 2.5 credits from the electives* above.

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Honours Co-operative Biology/Business Economics

Program Advisors: Professor M. Globus (Biology) and Professor E. Carvalho (Economics). See "Honours Biology/Business Economics".

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Honours Science Program 2
(With Specialization in Biology)

Program Advisors: Professors D. Barton, W.R. Hawthorn, M. Griffith, R. Smith, and Mr. N. Scott.

Admission to, and continuance in, Honours Science Program Two requires an overall cumulative average of 60% and a cumulative average of 65% in Biology courses.

In order to graduate in the Honours Science program, with specialization in Biology, the following requirements must be met:

  1. Successful completion of 21.0 credits. Of the 21.0 credits that are required:
  2. At least 0.75 credit of biochemistry and 0.75 of organic chemistry.
  3. 1.0 credit in MATH is required, of which 0.5 must be CS 102.
  4. No more than 3.0 SCI credits may be applied to the program.
  5. Mandatory courses as listed below.


Year One
1.0 credit from the following: BIOL 210, 211, 220, 221, 230, 239, 240, 241, 250, 273
CHEM 120/120L and 123/123L
CS 102
Electives (2.5 credits)

Year Two
3.0 credits from BIOL 210, 211, 220, 221, 230, 239, 240, 241, 250, 273
CHEM 266+/266L and 237/237L
Electives (1.0 credit)

Year Three
At least 3.0 credits from the 400-level Biology courses
0.5 credit in Science
Electives (1.5 credits)

Year Four
4.0 Science credits at least 2.0 of which are Biology credits from the 400-level
Electives (1.0 credit)
+ Students contemplating a "Minor in Chemistry" must take Honours-level Chemistry courses. CHEM 266, 267 and 228 will not count towards the Minor; the appropriate acceptable courses are CHEM 264, 265 and 223/223L respectively. Students are urged to check their plans for this Minor with the Undergraduate Officer in Chemistry.

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Honours Science Program 2
(Pre-Health-Professions Option)

Program Advisors: Professors D. Barton, W.R. Hawthorn, M. Griffith, R. Smith and Mr. N. Scott.

This program combines the Honours Science Program Two core with specific courses in biology, chemistry, physics and statistics. Electives are recommended from health, kinesiology, physics, psychology, science, and sociology. It is suitable preparation for work in medicine, dentistry, physiotherapy, radiotherapy, and chiropractic, or for the student whose interests develop into graduate study in the health disciplines. Students are strongly urged to consult the admission requirements of the professional schools of interest to aid their choice of electives.

Admission to, and continuance in, Honours Science Program Two (Pre-Health-Professions Option) requires an overall cumulative average of 60% and a cumulative average of 65% in Biology courses. In order to graduate with this Option, the following requirements must be met:

  1. Successful completion of 21.75 credits; of the 21.75 credits that are required:
  2. No more than 3.0 SCI credits may be applied to the program.
  3. Mandatory courses as listed below.
  4. A minimum of 4.0 Iecture credits from the recommended electives.
  5. For students interested in Optometry at the University of Waterloo, consult page 14:34 for requirements.

Honours Science Program 2 (Pre-Health-Professions Option)


Year 1 (Fall)                         Year 1 (Winter)
BIOL 230                              BIOL 241
BIOL 240                              BIOL 273
CHEM 120/120L                         CHEM 123/123L
PHYS 111/111L or PHYS 121/121L        PHYS 112/112L
0.5 credit elective                   0.5 credit elective

Recommended electives:                Recommended electives:
HLTH 101, PSYCH 101                   HLTH 102, SOC 101

Year 2 (Fall) Year 2 (Winter) BIOL 201 BIOL 239 BIOL 470* BIOL 471 CHEM 266+/266L CHEM 237/237L STAT 202 CS 102 0.5 credit elective 0.5 credit elective Recommended electives: Recommended electives: HLTH 220, SOC 248, 249 PSYCH 261, SCI 255
Year 3 (Fall) Year 3 (Winter) BIOL 402 BIOL 404 BIOL 437 BIOL 436 BIOL 441 CHEM 267 /267L PHYS 480 1.0 credit elective 0.5 credit elective Recommended electives: Recommended electives: KIN 300, HLTH 341, 349 HLTH 346, 348, 340 PSYCH 361, 335, 357
Year 4 (Fall) Year 4 (Winter) BIOL 403 BIOL 442 CHEM 333 BIOL 444 0.5 credit Science BIOL 473X 1.0 credit elective 1.0 credit elective Recommended electives: Recommended electives: HLTH 442 KIN 410, 416, HLTH 407, BIOL 439, PHYS 481
Note: A Pre-Health-Professions Option is also offered by the Department of Health Studies, and a suitable set of preparatory courses may be taken within a Kinesiology degree program.

* Prerequisites BIOL 210 and 211 for 470 are not required for students enrolled in the Honours Science Program 2 (Pre-Health-Professions Option).

+ Students contemplating a "Minor in Chemistry" must take Honours-level Chemistry courses. CHEM 266, 267 and 228 will not count towards the Minor; the appropriate acceptable courses are CHEM 264, 265 and 223/223L respectively. Students are urged to check their plans for this Minor with the Undergraduate Officer in Chemistry.

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Minor in Biology

In order to graduate with a Minor in Biology, the following requirements must be met:

  1. Successful completion of 5.0 Biology credits, at least 2.5 of which must be at the fourth-year level.
  2. A minimum average of 65% is required in Biology courses.
  3. Students are advised to see an Undergraduate Advisor in the Department of Biology.

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