Worms can live happily in either plastic or wooden containers. To start a vermicomposter, plastic bins can be purchased from any local hardware or easily made. (i.e. an old dresser drawer works well!)
The size of your bin depends upon how much waste you generate per week. It is often helpful to weigh your food waste for one week before starting to vermicompost.
On average, four people generate approximately 6 pounds of food waste per week.
The dimensions for a bin to accommodate this would be 1"*2"*3.5" (l*w*h).
Remember to drill plenty of air holes in the top and sides of the container so your worms can breathe.
You should also have at least 10 drainage holes (1cm) in the bottom of the bin. Then set the bin on blocks over a plastic tray.
Preparing comfy and tasty bedding for your worms is next! The worms can live and breed well in many kinds of bedding. Here are some of their favourites:
Now comes the fun part ... adding your worms!
Red worms are the most common type of worms used for vermicomposting. They are also know as "red wigglers"!
These red wigglers grow up to 4" in length and have shiny reddish skin. They can eat their weight in food waste each day and their castings can be used as a rich soil fertilizer.
Here are some tips for keeping these critters happy!
Feeding the Worms
Food waste to us is food to your red wigglers. They will eat anything that decomposes but do not need to be fed everyday. Avoid overfeeding.
After 2 or 3 months of vermicomposting you will notice that the volume of material in you bin has dropped and the original bedding is no longer recognizable.
It is now time to harvest your finished compost. Hereís how!
The Back and Forth Method
Congratulations! You have now successfully vermicomposted and have a rich, sweet smelling soil conditioner!!
There are many ways to use this compost to beautify your office ...
Mix equal parts of compost with earth and peatmoss.
Add compost to soil. Water the plants and watch them grow!
Dig compost into earth around flowers, shrubs, trees and vegetables.
Mix one part compost to three parts water. Let this mixture sit and "steep" overnight. In the morning stir your tea, water your plants, and watch them bloom!
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